America: A cultural history of the United States of America from the beginnings to the revolution

  • Autor:

  • Editura: Editura Universitară

    ISBN: 978-606-591-345-5

    Doi: 10.5682/9786065913455

  • Anul publicării:

    Ediţia: I

    Pagini: 253

2311 RON

Disponibilitate: în stoc



Mai multe detalii America: A cultural history of the United States of America from the beginnings to the revolution

This book represents an attempt to bring together into a single unitary, coherent and, in so far as practicable, chronological narrative, the European settlement and colonization, in those areas North America that now constitute the United States of America, down to the Revolution. While the story the English “plantations” forms the core of the volume, I have attempted to give an adequate treatment of the history of colonization by other nations too. My desire has been to give a balanced, yet truthful view of the time sequence in the development of the different regions of the present-day United States.

The colonization process in North America has been presented against a broad European and international background, an approach which, I think, best serves the full understanding of this era. I have traced the intermingling of Native Americans, Europeans and Africans, which often resulted in violent conflicts with tragic effects, but have tried to emphasize that the Native Americans and the Black Africans were intricately involved in the creation of colonial society and of a new, hybrid American culture.

It has been my strongest desire to bring to light some specific histories of people - including Native Americans, Hispanics, English, French, Black Africans, women and certain religious communities. They form the subject matter of specific sections. The book also gives due emphasis to the great civic issues - the causes and effects of immigration, colonization, slavery, or the impact of religion on American life, and to tracing the evolution of major public political and economic institutions, which the colonizers built through pain and struggle.

I have tried to incorporate, to the best of my ability, of the rich scholarship in economic, social, political cultural and intellectual history that has appeared of late, and to present these materials clearly as possible to aid readers.

In relating the story of the American past, I saw a people composed, from the beginning, of several ethnic and racial strains, in continuous transformation. The Native Americans, the early Europeans and the first black slaves developed intricate life ways that merged Old World or African traditions and New World experiences - an evolution that articulated new cultural identities and prepared the settlers for the idea of political independence.


The Author

Cuprinsul cărţii America: A cultural history of the United States of America from the beginnings to the revolution

PREFACE ix

THE NEW WORLD / 1
The First Americans / 3
The Paleo-Indians / 3
The Archaic Period / 5
The Woodland Period / 7
The Mississippi Period / 8
Native North American Cultures / 10

Old World Meets New / 13
Rise of the Nation State / 17
The Renaissance / 18
Advances in Shipbuilding & Navigation / 19
Cartography / 21
Religion & Exploration / 22
Portugal in the Age of Exploration / 26

The Spanish Century / 27
‘High Admiral of the Sea’ / 29
The Battle of the Gods / 33
Francisco Pizarro & the Conquest of the Incas / 39
Daring, Ruse, Tenacity, & Good Luck / 41
The Go-Betweens / 42
The Spanish Borderlands / 43
Missionaries on the Frontiers / 47
A Brave New World / 49
The Sugar Plantation & the Slave Trade / 52
African Slavery / 53
The Middle Passage / 54
The Columbian Exchange / 56
The Black Legend / 58

The French in the New World / 60
England Redux / 62
The Reformation / 64
Schism with Rome / 65
England Turns to America / 69
Chronology / 73

COLONIZATION & SETTLEMENT / 83
The English Settlement, 1607 - 1691 / 85
Virginian Beginnings / 80
Caribbean Plantations / 85
The Pilgrim Fathers Land in America / 87
The Bay Colony Bible Commonwealth / 89
New England Spreads Out / 90
Maryland: Catholic Haven / 92
Roots of Colonial Unity / 93
Colonialism & the Mercantilist System / 98
New Amsterdam into New York / 100
The Jerseys / 102
Penn’s Holy Experiment / 103
Colonizing the Carolinas / 106
Colonial Unrest / 108
Hudson’s Bay Company / 112

A Century of Trial & Error / 112
Colonial Lifeways / 113
Puritanism & Dissent / 117
Family & Women / 120
Witches on Trial / 121

The Spanish Advance, 1591 -1697 / 122
The Long Road to California / 123
The Settlement of New Mexico / 124
The Pueblo Rising, 1680-1692 / 125
Spanish Progress into Texas / 127
The Struggle on the Carolina Border / 129

French Expansion, 1605 - 1697 / 130
The Struggle for the Northern Fur Country / 132
King William’s War, 1689-1697 / 133

The Image of the American Indian, 1500 – 1700 / 135
Rivalry over North America / 153
Queen Anne’s War, 1702-1713 / 153
The Founding of Louisiana / 155
New France Spreads Out / 157
The Northward Advance of the Spanish Frontier / 161
The Founding of Texas / 163
The Last Borderland: California / 165
The English Westward Movement, 1715-1750 / 168
Wars on the Indian Frontier / 169
The Founding of Georgia / 170
The German & Swiss Migration / 171
The Great Scotch-Irish Migration /172
The Back Country / 174
The War of Jenkins’ Ear, 1739-1741 / 175
King George’s War, 1744-1748 / 176
The French and Indian War, 1754-1763 / 177
Spain Changes Its Colonial Policy / 183
The New British Territories / 185
Pontiac’s War / 186
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 / 187
The Occupation of Florida / 188
The Trans-Alleghany Settlement / 189

The English Colonies Come of Age / 194
The New England Colonies / 194
The Middle Colonies / 196
The Southern Colonies / 199
Colonial Society / 202
The Black Experience / 203
Slave Resistance and Rebellion / 206
The Age of Reason / 207
Religious Revival / 208
Schools and Colleges / 211
Pioneer Presses / 218
Chronology / 222

WORKS CITED / 229
Primary Sources / 229
Secondary Sources / 239

INDEX / 245

Despre autor

Remus Bejan

Conferenţiar în cadrul Departamentului de Engleză, Facultatea de Litere, Universitatea Ovidius din Constanţa

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