Mushroom culture giude in individual households, Vol I

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28,90 Lei   13,01 Lei

ISBN: 978-606-591694-4

DOI: 10.5682/9786065916944

Publisher year: 2013

Edition: I

Pages: 248

Publisher: Editura Universitară

Author: Ioana Tudor

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The paper comes in support of demands to mushroom in individual or household, the most popular edible mushroom species and established new ones with medicinal virtues.

Establishment of culture can be done with minimal cost, small areas, existing and unused with minimal design, 2 or 3 cycles / n, production is meant for household consumption fresh, canned or dried and made into powder.

  • Ghid de cultura ciupercilor in gospodariile individuale, vol. I

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Prefata/9

Capitolul 1. Avantajele culturii ciupercilor/ 11

1.2. Importanta medicinala/ 18

1.3. Importanta economica/ 21

Capitolul 2. Specii cultivate sau de viitor in Romania/ 25

Capitolul 3. Perioade favorabile culturii ciupercilor/ 31

Capitolul 4. Amenajarea minima a spatiilor de cultura/ 32

4.1. Igienizarea spatiului de cultura /34

4.2. Alte amenajari ale spatiului de cultura/ 35

Capitolul 5. Tehnologia champignon sau Agaricus bisporus in sistem clasic-gospodaresc / 38

5.1. Componentele de baza, suport si amendamente ale compostului/ 38

5.2. Retete de compost clasic / 42

5.3. Spatii de compostare / 43

5.4. Tehnologia pregatirii compostului in sistem clasic/45

5.5. Conditii ce se vor asigura la intoarcerile compostului/ 47

5.6. Dimensiunile platformei de fermentare/ 48

5.7. Conditiile necesare pentru executarea pasteurizarii naturale/ 51

5.8. Calitatea compostului rezultat/ 51

5.9. Introducerea compostului in ciupercarie/ 52

5.10. Insamantarea in cultura clasica/ 54

5.11. Conditiile de microclimat dupa insamantare/ 59

5.12. Prevenirea atacului daunatorilor la incubare/ 62

5.13. Prevenirea aparitiei mucegaiurilor la incubare / 63

5.14. Masuri de prevenire a aparitiei ciupercilor Coprinus spp. s.a.: / 64

5.15. Amestecul de acoperire si acoperirea /65

5.16. Rolul amestecului de acoperire/ 67

5.17. Caracteristicile amestecului de acoperire/ 68

5.18. Pregatirea amestecului de acoperire si dezinfectia lui chimica /70

5.19. Tehnica acoperirii /72

5.20. Lucrari de intretinere dupa acoperire si conditii de microclimat/ 74

5.21. Recoltarea si randamentul obtinut/77

5.22. Boli si daunatori la ciupercile Agaricus spp./82

5.22.1. Boli produse de virusuri / 83

5.22.2. Boli produse de bacterii /85

5.22.3. Boli produse de ciuperci concurent saprofite / 86

5.22.4. Boli produse de ciuperci parazite/ 93

5.22.5. Daunatorii ciupercilor/ 97

Capitolul 6. Tehnologia de cultura a ciupercii termofile Agaricus bitorquis sau A. edulis / 106

6.1. Caracterizare morfofiziologica/106

6.2. Cerinte de microclimat/107

6.3. Tehnologia de cultura /108

6.4. Tulpini si hibrizi de A. Bitorquis/ 108

6.5. Recoltarea/ 110

6.6. Protectia culturii /110

Capitolul 7. Cultura ciupercilor in spatiu deschis-neprotejat/ 111

Capitolul 8, Agaricus brasiliensis (Agaricus blazei Murill, Ciuperca lui Dumnezeu sau ciuperca zeului), ABM sau Milena /115

8.1. Caracterizare morfologica/ 116

8.2. Conditii de crestere/ 116

8.3. Pregatirea compostului/ 117

8.4. Valoarea medicinala/ 120

Capitolul 9. Tehnologia in sistem gospodaresc a ciupercilor Pleurotus spp/124

9.1. Spatiul de cultura/ 124

9.2. Dezinfectia spatiului de cultura/ 125

9.3. Amenajarea spatiului de cultura/ 126

9.4. Amplasarea stelajelor/ 129

9.5. Substratul de cultura/131

9.5.1. Pregatirea substratului /133

9.5.2. Dezinfectia termica a substratului / 134

9.5.3. Calitatea substratului /139

9.6. Insamantarea ciupercilor Pleurotus spp. /141

9.7. Asezarea sacilor la incubare/ 147

9.7.1. Fazele desfasurarii incubarii/ 148

9.7.2. Inductia fructificarii/ 150

9.7.3. Asezarea brichetelor pentru fructificare /150

9.7.4. Conditiile de microclimat la aparitia fructificatiilor /151

9.8. Fructificare si dirijare a microclimatului/152

9.8.1. Lucrari de ingrijire/ 153

9.8.2. Dirijarea ventilatiei/ 154

9.8.3. Asigurarea iluminatului/ 155

9.9. Recoltarea ciupercilor Pleurotus spp./ 155

9.10. Boli si daunatori la Pleurotus spp./ 161

9.10.1. Boli / 161

9.10.2. Daunatori/ 166

Capitolul 10. Cultura ciupercilor Pleurotus spp. pe butuci de lemn/ 174

10.1. Alegerea materialului lemnos/ 175

10.2. Inocularea butucilor /175

10.3. Asezarea butucilor la incubat /177

Capitolul 11. Noi specii de Pleurotus spp./ 179

11.2. Tehnologia de cultura a speciei Pleurotus ostreatus varietatea euosmus, Stridia sau scoica tarhon /180

11.3. Tehnologia de cultura a speciei Pleurotus cystidiosus - Stridia sau scoica de artar/182

11.4. Cultura ciupercilor Pleurotus eryngii - Buretele scaetelui sau al Umbeliferelor sau regele Pleurotus, denumit King Pleurotus/ 183

11.4.1. Descrierea speciei/ 184

11.4.2. Substratul de cultura/ 185

Capitolul 12. Tehnologia de cultura a speciei Lentinus edodes, shiitake, ciuperca de castan sau ciuperca parfumata/ 190

12.1. Tehnologia de cultura pe butuci de lemn/ 192

12.2. Tehnologia de cultura pe substrat lignicol / 198

12.3. Efectul medicinal al ciupercii Lentinus edodes /207

Capitolul 13. Tehnologia de cultura a ciupercilor Reishi – Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss) Karst /210

13.1. Efectul medicinal al ciupercilor Ganoderma lucidum /225

Bibliografie/ 239

Lista figuri /243

Ioana Tudor

Dr. Ing Ioana Tudor

SHe was born in Buturugeni, Giurgiu County and is a graduate of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture (1981) in present is degree II researcher.

Culture technology specialist in edible and medicinal mushrooms and in mycelium production, with over 30 years experience in setting up mushroom, felt that she leave all knowledge gained to the mushroom lovers. 

Author of over 190 scientific and popular articles and 25 books, among which:

Mushrooms and mushroom dishes, 1996;

Practical advice for mushroom growers, 1996;

475 Recipes with mushrooms, 1995;

Mushrooms and mushroom dishes, 1996;

Edible mushroom and mycelium production, 2000;

Culture and protection of edible fungi, 2001;

Mushrooms - Agaricus and Pleurotus, 2001;

Mushroom in households, 2001;

Edible Mushroom Growers Handbook, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, ed. II, 2006;

Recipes and canned mushroom, 2003;

Mushrooms and mycelium, 2004, 2006;

Growing terrestrial snails, 2005;

Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms, 2007;

Innovative techniques for obtaining food with high nutritional value, 2007;

Champignon - technology culture, 2010;

Pleurotus - Culture Technology, 2010;

Mushroom for beginners, 2010;

Truffles - mushrooms, 2010;

Mushrooms from the spontaneous flora of Romania, 2010;

Health handy, 2010;

Bees and bee, 2011;

Mushroom spawn - strains and hybrids - Guide mycelium production in intensively and classic 2012.

In the 2012 book about mushrooms from the spontaneous flora of Romania was awarded by the Academy of Scientists from Romania.

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