Romania into modernization - From Alexandru Ioan Cuza to Charles I

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ISBN: 978-973-749-894-6

Publisher year: 2010

Edition: I

Pages: 336

Publisher: Universitară

Author: Nicolae Isar

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Reigns I Cuza and Carol have raised over time - and will continue stir - a great historical interest in the specialized literature, as in the public debate in general.
If Prince Al. I Cuza, the last two decades, trying to renew the message history led sometimes contradictory critical evaluations, focusing either on the time of the coup 2 / 14, 1864, they opposed the ruler, at first sight , democratic spirit, be on his private life, with its moral deviations. Such assessments rather send the image "dictator", on the one hand, immoral behavior of the model of a head of state, on the other. Under both aspects - especially in the second - was suggested, therefore, the comparison with the figure of Prince Charles, who succeeded to the throne, first as a ruler, then as king.
Starting from such considerations critical importance of decreasing socio-political and institutional reforms of Prince Al. I Cuza, emphasis was often a priority, specialized exegezele last two decades, the role of Charles I in the modernization of Romania.
Of course, it was time to speak and to write more than before about the personality and the role of King Charles I in history, but trying to prevent him from Union prince seemed downright bizarre. Each of the two, Prince Al. I Cuza, and the prince, then king, Charles I, had outstanding achievements in the history of Romania: first, with a reign of only seven years, but the concentrated essential achievements of the modern Romanian state, second, Carol I, a reign of nearly half a century, which were completed reforms inaugurated by the first, the Romanian state has been strengthened, with the achievement of full independence.
Each of them lived and acted as head of state in different stages of evolution of Romanian society and in special circumstances. Each of them has made its mark with its own personality, the time it was given to be at the head of state. Their merits can be assessed only in relation to time requirements which had to respond. In any case, the discussion about Romania's modernization can not begin with 1866 - the year of the reign of Charles I establishment - would be to leave aside for just a basic step, defining, for the modernization we refer.
As for the role of the ruler Al. I Cuza in the modernization of Romania, in Romanian history, in general, in any report, it remains undeniable. First of all, Al. I Cuza, the elected ruler in Iasi and Bucharest 5 and 24 January 1859, remains forever in Romanian public consciousness as a symbol of union, of this act of exceptional significance in the history of Romanians. Second, the time of his reign, how to recognize, focused achievements and developments vital for the existence of the modern Romanian state as a whole, more important than all performed throughout the reign of his successor. It records a conclusion that nowadays some historian of good faith.
And our previous synthesis, the text starts with significant changes and additions, this paper is intended mainly students and teachers of history, other categories of readers interested in the evolution of Romanian society in the modern era.

  • Romania sub semnul modernizarii - De la Alexandru Ioan Cuza la Carol I

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Argument / 3
 

I. Domnia lui Alexandru Ioan Cuza – etapă de bază în edificarea statului naţional şi în procesul modernizării sale (1859-1866)   / 8-56
1. Cadrul juridic iniţial al domniei lui Al. I. Cuza, în lumina Convenţiei de la Paris din august 1858 / 8
2. Dubla alegere ca domnitor a lui Al. I. Cuza – actul decisiv al Unirii Principatelor / 15
3. Începutul domniei lui Al. I. Cuza şi lupta pentru desăvârşirea Unirii / 20
4. Lupta pentru realizarea pe cale constituţională a reformelor şi constituirea monstruoasei coaliţii (ianuarie 1862 – mai 1864)  /  23
5. Lovitura de stat din mai 1866 şi elaborarea Statutului Dezvoltător al Convenţiei de la Paris / 34
6. Domnia autoritară şi noua serie de reforme (1864-1865) / 40
7. Politica externă a domnitorului Al. I. Cuza  / 44
8. Sfârşitul şi însemnătatea domniei lui Al. I. Cuza  / 50

II. Instaurarea regimului monarhiei constituţionale în România şi începutul domniei  lui Carol I / 57-74
1. Împrejurările alegerii ca domn a lui Carol I  / 57
2. Constituţia din 1866 în perspectiva modernizării societăţii româneşti / 61
3. Începutul domniei lui Carol I şi viaţa politică (1866-1878) / 70  

III. Cucerirea Independenţei de stat a României şi consecinţele sale (1877-1878) / 75-91
1.  Premisele proclamării Independenţei (9 mai 1877)  şi declanşării Războiului / 75
2.  Desfăşurarea Războiului de Independenţă (1877-1878)  / 83
3.  Poziţia României în cadrul Conferinţelor de pace de la San-Stefano şi Berlin  / 85
4.  Însemnătatea şi urmările Războiului de Independenţă  în planul modernizării României / 88

IV. Modernizarea României în plan socio-economic şi contradicţiile ei: de la Al. I. Cuza la  Carol I (1859-1914)  / 92-130
1. Trăsături ale vieţii social-economice în perioada 1859-1878  / 92
2. Noua etapă a modernizării social-economice în anii 1878-1914 şi  contradicţiile ei / 109
3. Aspectul critic al modernizării: problema agrară şi răscoalele ţărăneşti / 122

V. Intensitatea vieţii politice din România după 1878 sub semnul modernizării / 131-155
1. Consolidarea sistemului constituţional-parlamentar după Războiul de Independenţă / 131
2. Consolidarea monarhiei în viaţa de stat  / 136
3. Afirmarea şi evoluţia sistemului partidelor politice  / 139
4. Etapele succesiunii partidelor politice la Putere  / 153

VI. Politica externă a României la sfârşitul secolului XIX şi începutul secolului al XX-lea / 156-169
1. Problema recunoaşterii Independenţei de către Marile Puteri (1878-1914) / 156
2. Cauzele şi consecinţele aderării României la Tripla Alianţă  / 158
3. Relaţiile României cu statele din Sud-Estul Europei  / 165
4. Poziţia României faţă de războaiele balcanice şi intervenţia sa (1912-1913)  / 166

VII.  Privire asupra evoluţiei provinciilor româneşti din afara statului român şi a mişcării naţionale în răstimpul domniilor lui Al. I. Cuza şi Carol I (1859-1914)  / 170-215
1. Situaţia românilor din Transilvania, Banat şi Bucovina, din Basarabia şi din dreapta Dunării în perioada 1859-1878  / 170
2. Situaţia românilor şi mişcarea de eliberare naţională în provinciile din afara graniţelor Statului român în anii 1878-1914  /  191

VIII. Evoluţia în spirit modern a culturii naţionale şi a vieţii spirituale în răstimpul domniilor lui Al. I. Cuza şi Carol I (1859-1914)  / 216-254
1. Trăsături ale modernizării vieţii culturale în timpul domniei lui Al. I. Cuza şi la începutul domniei lui Carol I (1859-1878)  / 216
2. Afirmarea viguroasă a culturii române moderne după Războiul de Independenţă şi semnificaţia dezbaterilor ideologice privind modernizarea României / 242

IX. Concluzii: domniile lui Alexandru I. Cuza şi Carol I faţă în faţă  / 255-279

AddendaDomniile lui Alexandru Ioan Cuza şi Carol I în viziunea lui Mihai Eminescu / 280-295

Bibliografie / 297-332

www.editurauniversitara.ro

Nicolae Isar


Prof. dr. Dr. Nicolae ISAR was born in 1937 in the town Slanic-Prahova.

History graduate of the University of Bucharest in 1962, then teaching in the university, covering all steps of the university, from assistant to full professor (in 1995).

Ph.D. in history in 1973, PhD 1997.

Teacher consultant in October 2007.


Specialist in the modern history of Romania, having as priorities for research and education history of culture, history, etc. institutions.

It is the second prize winner of the Romanian Academy science, "N. Iorga "1985," N. Balcescu ", 1993.

He has published 30 books, over time and over 100 scientific studies and articles in magazines.

Among the books are:


- Romanian publishers and the French cause (1854-1859), 1991 (N. Balcescu Prize of the Romanian Academy on  1993);

- National School of St. Sava and spirit of the age (1818-1859), 1994;

- Romanian principalities in the Age of Enlightenment (1770-1830), 1999 and 2005;

- The modern history of the Romanians. I (1774-1848), 2001 and 2005;

- The modern history of the Romanians. Building national state (1848-1866), 2002;

- The modern history of the Romanians. II. (1848-1878), 2003 and 2005;

- Under the sign of romance. From Prince to writer Simeon G. Bibescu Marcovici, 2003;

- European culture and national spirit. School of Gheorghe Lazar Bucharest University (1818-1864), 2004;

- Romanian Principalities in 1821-1848. Into national revival, 2004;

- Testimonials and French concerns about the Romans. Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, 2005;

- The history of the 1848 generation. Revolution, exile - historical destiny, 2006;

- The modern history of the Romanians (1774/1784-1918), 2006;

- Under the light signal. Figures of the era from 1821, 2006;

- State-Church relations in modern Romania (1821-1914), 2007;

- Doctrine and debates legislation junimist-conservative Roman Parliament. (1891-1895), 2007;

- Nicolae Iorga in memory defense Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, 2007;

- Revolution of 1848 in the Romanian Principalities with a study of his personality in his vision Balcescu N. N. Silberman, 2008;

- The political history of the Romanian Principalities. From Phanariot the national reigns (1774-1829), 2008;

- From Orthodoxy to the national awakening. Life and work of Eufrosin path (1787-1858), 2008.

- Great view of Romanian Nicolae Iorga, 2009

- Romania into modernization. From Alexandru Ioan Cuza to Charles I, 2010

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