Editura Universitara Budget and Public Treasury

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ISBN: 978-606-28-1074-0

DOI: 10.5682/9786062810740

Publisher year: 2020

Edition: added, updated and improved edition

Pages: 356

Publisher: Universitară

Author: Mihai Aristotel Ungureanu, Lucia Croitoru, Dragos M. Ungureanu, Dumitru M. Nedelescu, Anne-Marie Bartalis

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In the elaboration of the paper Budget and Public Treasury we took into account the importance of the budget in the evolution of public finances, as well as the need to reflect the way of setting up public financial funds in the form of revenues and their distribution by public expenditures society.
This paper is designed as a study material available to students and all those interested in deepening this topic and who want to know the concrete methodological and practical aspects of this complex field of public finance. Also, through the content focused on applications and grid tests, the paper can be a guide in the study, practical solution and deepening of various issues raised by the state budget and treasury.
MIHAI ARISTOTEL UNGUREANU - Coordinator 
MIHAI DUMITRU NEDELESCU 
LUCIA ELENA CROITORU 
MIHAI DRAGOS UNGUREANU 
ANNE-MARIA BARTALIS

Foreword / 9

I. Consolidated general state budget / 13
1.1. Content of the budgetary system / 14
1.2. Budgetary principles / 17
1.3. Consolidated General State Budget - general characterization / 31
1.4. The structure of the budgetary system / 36
1.4.1. State Budget / 36
1.4.2. State Social Insurance Budget / 47
1.4.3. Local budget / 50
1.5. Case studies and grid tests / 56

II. Budgetary process / 71
2.1. Content, phases and features of the budgetary process / 72
2.2. Budgetary process at the level of the State Budget / 76
2.3. The budgetary process at the level of the State Social Insurance Budget. / 96
2.4. Budgetary process at the level of Local Budgets / 106
2.5. Grid applications and tests / 115

III. Financial balance / 123
3.1. Financial balance, component of the general economic balance. / 124
3.2. Budget balance, component of financial balance / 133
3.3. Financial-monetary policies used to ensure financial balance / 145
3.4. Grid applications and tests / 155

IV. State Treasury, necessity, role, functions / 161
4.1. Substantiation of the need to organize the State Treasury / 162
4.2. Definition and role of the State Treasury / 171
4.3. Functions of the State Treasury / 176
4.4. Grid tests / 182

V. The way of organization and functioning of the State Treasury / 185
5.1. The State Treasury Organization System / 186
5.1.1. Organization of the State Treasury at central level / 189
5.1.2. Organization of the State Treasury at regional level / 193
5.1.3. Organization of the Public Finance Treasury at county, municipal and rural level / 195
5.2. The functioning mechanism of the State Treasury / 199
5.2.1. Central operating mechanism / 201
5.2.2. The functioning mechanism at county, municipal and rural level / 208
5.3. Grid tests / 209

VI. State Treasury Management / 213
6.1. Entry flows in the State Treasury at central and local level / 215
6.2. Outflows from the State Treasury at central and local level / 223
6.3. National Payment System managed by the NBR in correlation with the State Treasury / 234
6.4. Financing the budget deficit / 242
6.5. Public debt management / 245
6.6. Grid applications and tests / 253

VII. Possibilities to improve the activity of the State Treasury / 258
7.1. Considerations regarding the current organization of the State Treasury / 259
7.1.1. Changes in the functioning of the State Treasury / 264
7.1.2. Changes in the preparation of the General Budget Execution Account / 265
7.1.3. Increasing the credibility of the General Budget Execution Account by annexing the State Treasury Balance Sheet / 269
7.2. Transparency of the activity of the State Treasury / 270
7.2.1. The importance of the transparency of the activity of the State Treasury / 270
7.2.2. Transparent publication of public debt to ensure budgetary balance and inform public opinion / 275
7.3. Reflection in the accounting of the State Treasury of the specific operations and of the content of the balance sheet / 277
7.3.1. Improving the chart of accounts of the State Treasury / 277
7.3.2. Possibilities to improve the registration and reflection of public debt in the accounting of the State Treasury / 279
7.3.3. Proposals for improving the structure of the Treasury Balance Sheet / 281

VIII. The role of the information system in the efficient functioning of public finances / 284
8.1. General aspects regarding the current information system / 285
8.2. The role of computer programs in improving the information system / 292
8.3. Possibilities for improving the information system / 307
8.4. Grid tests / 312

IX. Budget of the European Union / 316
9.1. General features of the budget of the European Union / 317
9.2. European Union budget revenue / 321
9.3. Structure of European Union budget expenditures / 326
9.4. Analysis of the budgetary balance at the level of the European Union on the two components revenues and expenditures / 336
9.5. Aspects regarding the budget reform process / 343
9.6. Grid tests / 347

Bibliography / 350







 

 

In the elaboration of the paper Budget and Public Treasury we took into account the importance of the budget in the evolution of public finances, as well as the need to reflect the way of setting up public financial funds in the form of revenues and their distribution by public expenditures society.
This paper is designed as a study material available to students and all those interested in deepening this topic and who want to know the concrete methodological and practical aspects of this complex field of public finance. Also, through the content focused on applications and grid tests, the paper can be a guide in the study, practical solution and deepening of various issues raised by the state budget and treasury. Thus, the paper is structured on nine significant chapters.
In the first chapter, entitled Consolidated General State Budget, we presented the content of the budgetary system and its structure, budgetary principles, types of budgets encountered in international theory and practice, increasingly diverse concepts on the role and functions of the budget, and various methods and techniques. sizing of budget expenditures and revenues.
The second chapter, entitled The Budgetary Process, highlights the budgetary process on the main components of the Consolidated General State Budget (State Budget, State Social Insurance Budget and Local Budgets), with reference to phases, features and a series of detailed analyzes of as well as the presentation of the bodies with attributions in the budgetary process, specific to Romania, the member country of the European Union.
The issue of financial balance, in general, and budgetary balance, in particular, in the context of current financial and monetary policies that can be used both in ensuring financial balance and in ensuring general economic balance, is addressed in the third chapter, entitled Financial balance.
The fourth chapter of the State Treasury, necessity, role, functions, addresses a series of aspects regarding the need, definition, role and functions of the State Treasury which ensures the budget execution, in a narrow sense, and the execution of public finances, in a broad sense.
Aspects regarding the system of organization of the State Treasury, as well as its functioning mechanisms at central and territorial level, are found in the fifth chapter, entitled The way of organization and functioning of the State Treasury.
The issue regarding the financial inflows and outflows of funds to and from the State Treasury both at central and territorial level, the National Payment System managed by the National Bank of Romania, viewed through the State Treasury, financing and control of the budget deficit, as well as the management of the public debt are the object of study in the sixth chapter, entitled the State Treasury Management. The seventh chapter, entitled Considerations on the current organization of the State Treasury, highlights a number of issues regarding the improvement and transparency of the State Treasury's activity to contribute to increasing its efficiency, with positive effects on eliminating dysfunctions, resulting from frequent changes legislation.
Chapter eight, entitled The role of the information system in the efficient functioning of public finances, presents aspects regarding the limits of the current information system and its possibilities for improvement in the field of the State Treasury.
The last chapter, entitled The Budget of the European Union, is dedicated to the budget of the European Union where its general characteristics are presented, as well as the structure of its revenues and expenditures with concrete references to a series of challenges with budgetary consequences for sectoral policies. Community budgetary resources.
The authors of the paper Budget and Public Treasury aimed to clarify the basic concepts with which this field operates on the two segments, namely: budget and treasury, but also of some concepts with which the other financial disciplines operate.
Also, the paper has an important role in training students as future specialists in the financial and economic field, respectively, especially given that the efficient functioning of an economy is based on the predominant use of levers and financial instruments to regulate and self-regulate processes. economic and social.
We express our hope that this paper, which was conceived as a study material, will be a tool made available to students and all those interested to initiate and deepen this very important field in the current socio-economic context. We also believe that the paper can be perfected, and we, its authors, will be receptive to the recommendations of readers, as well as to the evolution of this field at national, European and global level.

The Authors



 

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