The first written documentation on the use of sea buckthorn in phytotherapy appears in ancient texts from the classical treatise of Tibetan medicine "Rgyud Bzi", since the seventh century, where it was known as the "holy fruit of the Himalayas." It seems that Tibetans used sea buckthorn oil to treat colds, anemias, dermatological, digestive, respiratory diseases, to increase resistance to physical and mental exertion, and to slow down the aging process. Due to the multiple therapeutic valences, sea buckthorn oil was considered a true "gift of the gods" or "liquid gold".
It is interesting that sea buckthorn oil is also mentioned in Ayurvedic medicine, with an age of over 7000 years, which leads us to believe that its therapeutic potential may have been known long before the seventh century.
In the four fundamental volumes of traditional Chinese medicine, published during the Tang Dynasty (907 AD), it is recommended to use sea buckthorn in the treatment of liver, digestive, cardiovascular, gynecological diseases, inflammation, abscesses and colds and tumors. In Central Asia, sea buckthorn leaves were used successfully in the fight against dermatological diseases and rheumatoid arthritis. In Tajikistan it seems that even the flowers of this plant were used, from which a skin conditioner is prepared.
In Russia sea buckthorn was nicknamed "Siberian Pineapple" due to its sour and slightly astringent taste. It seems that the Slavic peoples used sea buckthorn oil to treat dermatitis, psoriasis, thrombosis, lupus erythematosus, burns and even some eye conditions such as conjunctivitis. Due to its invigorating properties, sea buckthorn was frequently used in cold periods, in the harsh conditions of the Siberian climate proving very useful for treating frostbite. The therapeutic virtues of sea buckthorn were further exploited later, when it was used experimentally in the diet of Soviet cosmonauts, because it was found to have the ability to protect the body from cosmic irradiation.
The famous regenerating valences of sea buckthorn oil on dermatological conditions have been well known for centuries by Tibetans and this was probably the reason why their skin remained healthy and smooth despite the vicissitudes of the climate and the passing of the years. Using sea buckthorn oil, they effectively fight acne, irritations, burns, dehydration and the premature formation of wrinkles.
Although it has a well-documented therapeutic potential in the oldest treatises of traditional oriental medicine, the healing properties of sea buckthorn have today, unfortunately, remained in the shadow of the skepticism of modern medicine. In this sense, I wanted, through this paper, to bring a series of undoubted evidence that confirms this phytotherapeutic potential of sea buckthorn. Thanks to the research activity of some specialists in the field and the personal research activity, I managed to establish a correlation between traditionalism and modernity regarding sea buckthorn in phytotherapy in a theoretical, pragmatic and applied synchronism that I would like to share with all those who want to walk the mysterious path of this miracle of nature.
At the same time, given these remarkable properties of sea buckthorn, confirmed at present and through a multitude of clinical studies, I would like this paper to be a plea for the introduction into treatment schemes of various phytopharmaceutical forms obtained from sea buckthorn for a healthier life.
Prof. Dr. Bogdan Soltuzu