The topic chosen to be treated, dedicated contribution factor to the Greater Union Church, abundantly justified for what he represented the union in 1918 and our history as a nation for our future as a nation state. I wanted my approach certain aspects of the issue to be reviewed, clarified and presented in a form to complete knowledge of the role played by Romanian Church - Greek Orthodox and Catholic - the great national act of December 1, 1918.
Throughout our history has brought Romanian Church mite to the prosperity of the Romanian people by word and deed to the prosperity of the Romanian people. Under the cloak Church Romanian culture and spirituality could increase, bringing forth good fruit in due time, the church porch for a long time, the Romanian school was able to develop, under the protection of her Romanian patriots expressed their ideas, with prayer and Romanian soldiers and all its blessings drive fighters were able to carry out their ideals.
Nicolae Iorga say that "history is a Supreme Court where the judge acts of peoples, nations and all mankind". In the long struggle for independence and unity of the Romanians, never an idea, an ideal not polarized with such force the will of an entire nation, as the difficult years of World War. Generated because the unit acts of heroism and bravery committed by the Romanian army in the battles over the Carpathian passes in battles to defend territory and Wallachia, in the great confrontations of Marasti, Marasesti and Oituz in the summer of 1917. National ideal was present and led the political and diplomatic actions, deeds of arms, artistic and literary creation of that era. Political activity and propaganda, held abroad, especially in France, Italy, USA, England etc., Was also outstanding in those years.
1918 was the year in the history of our great accomplishments in the realm of national victorious culmination of a long line of waiting and surrendered the fight and sacrifice for a belief to an ideal perfection unitary national state. Romanian nation has made its century-old dream favorable international circumstances, but under favorable whose sons have bled abundantly. Documents from that time show of patriotism charged atmosphere in which the Romanian people has achieved national unity. Decisions of the union in 1918 were taken into the general representative bodies, formed on a generally democratic. This decision gave these quasi-plebiscitary character.
Motive was the Great Union of 1918 the Romanian people, as a whole. Vasile Goldi, one of the militants to unify the full state, said: "Romania Mare is the creation of political parties or the army, but of historical evolution, which can not be stopped by any human force." And Nicolae Iorga, with its incomparable penetration force, said that the two main stages, the Romanian people and has achieved perfect unity - 1859 and 1918 - marked "consecration in the reality of a state of consciousness that has always existed from the very origin of our nation. "
In the first chapter of the thesis ("Church and Romanianism. General"), we explore the various views on the relationship between the Church and the Romanian people. We have shown that the Orthodox Church in Romania is an indigenous church, dedicated to genealogy and her character of a specific tradition. Here, between Church and State, the Byzantine model, and there is a symphony of events clearly disturbed only incidental. More than in other nations, to us, Romanian, symbiotic relationship between Orthodoxy and nations not only undeniable, but its origins and support in our own ethnogenesis. Therefore the link between the two elements is much stronger and can not be undone. Whenever the life of the Romanian people there was a turning point, or when they reached certain ideals precious of all Romanians, the Church's life and ancestral mutations have been generated emulations church spiritual fulfillment.
Chapter II of the paper ("The Contribution of the Church in historical Romanian provinces under foreign control in promoting national idea, until 1914") shows struggle Romanian Churches in Transylvania (Orthodox and Greek Catholic Church), Bessarabia (Church ) and Bukovina (Orthodox Church). In Transylvania, although made up the overwhelming majority of the population, Romanians were considered "tolerated" the land of ancestors. In the fight for the rights of the Romanian Orthodox Church and, as part of the Romanian faithful union with Rome, Greek-Catholic Church have said that fighting for the rights of Romanian believers. The paper presents the contributions of people of the Church, Orthodox (Andrei Saguna, Demetrius Comsa, Daniel Popovici-Barcianu, Miron novel, John Meţianul, Miron Cristea, etc..) And Greek Catholics (Micu Klein, Grigore Maior, Iuliu Hossu, John Bob, John Para, Dimitrie Radu Vasile Hossu, Victor Mihali, etc..) the rights and promote Romanian national idea by the church and school.
In chapter III, entitled "The Church in the service of national idea during World War I (1914-1918)" is shown the contribution of the Church and its servants in the Old Kingdom on the battlefield and in the Romanian army medical service, suffering endured by priests and ministers of the Church temporarily occupied territory (killed, deported, arrested, imprisoned, abused, refugees, etc..) pillaging soldiers occupying powers on goods and treasures, churches, public aid for religious service of the army, etc.. However the situation is presented and its servants Romanian Church in Transylvania and Banat, Bessarabia and Bukovina, suffering endured, but also enhance national sentiment among Romanians' struggle for national unity and organization.
Events of 1918, which led to the Greater Union, are reserved Chapter IV, entitled "The Church and the Great Union of 1918". Internal conditions are presented in each Romanian historical province in which they decided to unite, the role of clergy in the Church and the union's involvement in the events of March 1918 in Bessarabia, Bukovina November and December in Transylvania. It is also considered the complex world in which union took decisions in Chisinau, Chernivtsi and Alba Iulia.
The last chapter ("Unification Church - factor to strengthen political unity of the Romanian state") analyzes the events related to the establishment of a unified organization of the Orthodox Church in Romania after the Union, as each historical province united in their organization had its own church. Initiative in this direction in the new territories belonged to the Orthodox Churches united with the country, the Orthodox Church in Transylvania and Bessarabia, supported by other churches Romanian provinces. This process, initiated since 1919, has seen perfection in 1925 by creating the Romanian Patriarchy and choosing the Patriarchal Throne Metropolitan Miron Cristea.
For carrying out the work we studied documents in the Holy Synod Chancellery Archives in Bucharest, Greek Catholic Metropolitan Archive Blaj, Archive Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of Arad, Banat Metropolitan Archives (Diocese Caransebes), the clergy Military Inspectorate was in Romanian Military Archives in Pitesti . I also used several collections of documents, of which I want to point out the first eight volumes published until 1989 Scientific and Encyclopedic Publishing House, dedicated to the events of 1918. We also investigated a number of publications (reminiscent of those "Bee", "Christian culture", "Gazeta Transylvania", "Romanian Telegraph" and others) and works with general or special Boldur signed by Alexandru Ion Bria, Petre Cazacu, Nicholas Ciachir, V. Curticăpeanu, Stefan Pascu, Onesiphorus Ghibu, Vasile Goldi, Nicolae Iorga, John Lupas, Nestor Vornicescu, Ion Nistor, Mircea Păcurariu, Zenovie Pâclişanu, TV Pacatian, Anthony Plamadeala, Daniel Prodan, Maria Somes, Dumitru Stăniloae and others.
Also during this thesis we used the works of theologians and historians of the Romanian Orthodox Church and the Greek Catholic Church, such as Prof. Dr. Dumitru Stăniloae, Prof. Dr. Mircea Păcurariu, Rev. Dr. John Lupas, Ioan Moraru, Fr Zenovie Pâclişanu, Maria Somes, etc.., which allowed me to have a broad perspective on church involvement in society and in the history of the Romanian people. Without involvement of the Church hard in achieving these events, as well as religious goals of the utmost importance, after political events, current Romanian society was deprived of all future events.
In closing, I want to thank everyone who helped me to manage to finish the project that I undertook three years ago, and my family first.
Thanks also D-l Univ. Dr. John Calafeteanu data for guidance and support I have always found her Ladyship.