Romania is a country with wonderful lands, from the delta to the mountain tops, with towns and villages scattered along valleys and roads, which delight every generation with natural and cultural landscapes full of history and millennial traditions. The history of this people with remarkable antiquity, with a multitude of coordinates and facets - political, military, economic, social and cultural, has facilitated the expansion and development of rich human settlements through their entire natural and cultural heritage. Considered the "garden of the Mother of God", this Romanian geographical space abounds in appreciations and descriptions from many foreign travelers of yesterday and today.
In these conditions, Romania stands out as a country with a strong geographical personality, doubled by a special tourist vocation. On an area of only 238,391 km2, mountains, hills, plateaus and plains are harmoniously and balanced, which is an imposing architectural ensemble, which Nicolae Balcescu likened to a fortress-symbol of the Romanian people's resistance against all the vicissitudes of history. Thus, the relief outlines the potential and specificity of the Romanian territory from a tourist point of view.
The ancient habitation of the territory, the uninterrupted presence of human activities generating material elements in this space, have led in time to a highly appreciated anthropic tourist heritage, belonging either to the sphere of material civilization elements (historical vestiges, art and architecture monuments, objectives historical and socio-cultural, etc.), or spiritual civilization (customs, folklore, religion, hospitality, community organization, etc.).
The tourist offer is thus completed by the specific technical-material base (accommodation and leisure base, treatment base, public alimentation, tourist transport itself) and by the general infrastructure. Among the components of the general infrastructure for tourism, the most important is represented by the network of roads - recognized as a "structuring vector" in development, with direct beneficial effects in tourism development, which ensures access to all resources and tourist structures, Romania having , as a whole, a good network of transport routes, which covers the national territory.
The current university course "Romania's tourist heritage" is not only a simple teaching material dedicated to students, but also a synthesis of everything that our country has more representative in order to be capitalized balanced and sustainable in terms of tourism. The experience through organized tourism in our country, of about two centuries, can always be enriched as a tourist offer.
The expansion of the phenomenon of economic, cultural and social globalization, of rapid movement in any part of the globe, must determine in time and space a greater understanding and action for preserving the entire tourist heritage as a support of national, regional and local identity, with diminishing conditions of irreversible degradation and destruction, beyond the multiple economic interests of the moment. In reality, for any visitor or tourist, the knowledge in time and space of the entire national tourist heritage does not last for a lifetime, although many are oriented towards exotic places, because we do not know or do not want to capitalize on these goods and values. exceptional.
The authors, passionate geographers with specialization in the field of tourism, tried to offer the most current image of everything that means the tourist heritage of the country, corroborated with a brief assessment of the degree of tourism development but also of environmental issues and new orientations in the development of this hospitality industry, facing an increasingly fierce competition at European and world level. The approach was based on conceptual, historical, geographical and cultural, economic data, specific to the tourist field, environmental protection and heritage, all selected to demonstrate the special characteristics of Romania's tourist heritage.