Editura Universitara Stock and International Markets

26,00 Lei

ISBN: 978-606-28-0334-6

DOI: 10.5682/9786062803346

Publisher year: 2015

Edition: I

Pages: 126

Publisher: Universitară

Author: Oana Mionel

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The International Scholarship course aims to introduce students to the fascinating world of the stock market environment, where you earn real money, a lot, but with one exception, not to lose everything in a few seconds. The course also aims to familiarize students with the main notions and specific terms used on international stock markets, with stock market participants, with the main stock market transactions made by market participants and with the main instruments traded on international stock markets. The wide range of information on international stock markets will also be supported by the theories and empirical evidence presented by Nobel Prize winners in reference works.
OANA MIONEL
Doctor in Economics, awarded by the Academy of Economic Studies and also Associate Professor at the Faculty of International Economic Relations of the Christian University "Dimitrie Cantemir".
The author of this paper taught at school:Technology payments and international finance and International exchanges of values.

FOREWORD / 9

CHAPTER I. THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIPS / 11
1.1. History of international stock exchanges / 11
1.2. The specifics of international commodity and stock exchanges / 16
1.3. International commodity exchanges / 20
1.3.1. Definition of the international commodity exchange / 20
1.3.2. Functions of international commodity exchanges / 20
1.3.3. Characteristics of goods traded on the stock exchange / 21
1.3.4. Commodity exchanges versus international auctions / 22
1.4. International stock exchanges / 27
1.4.1. The concept of stock exchange / 27
1.4.2. Financial instruments traded on the stock exchange / 28

CHAPTER II. PRIMARY FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS MARKET. ACTIONS / 30
2.1. Trading in shares on stock exchanges / 30
2.1.1. The symbol and value of an action / 30
2.1.2. Splitting and consolidating shares / 31
2.1.3. Taxonomy of actions / 32
2.1.4. Initial public offer / 33
2.1.5. Stages of the issue of shares / 35
2.1.5.1. Show planning / 35
2.1.5.2. Issuing process / 37
2.1.6. Nature and type of orders / 38
2.1.7. Shareholders' rights / 42

CHAPTER III. PRIMARY FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS MARKET. OBLIGATIONS / 44
3.2. Trading in bonds on stock exchanges / 44
3.2.1. Bonds - debt instruments / 44
3.2.2. Bond market participants / 44
3.2.3. Key terms in the use of oligations / 45
3.2.4. Bond rating / 47
3.2.5. Issuance and trading of bonds / 48
3.2.6. Taxonomy of bonds / 50
3.2.6.1. Corporate bonds / 50
3.2.6.2. Municipal obligations / 51
3.2.6.3. Government obligations / 54

CHAPTER IV. MARKET OF DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS / 56
4.1. Futures contracts / 57
4.1.1. Standardization of futures contracts / 57
4.1.2. Clearing house in financial transactions / 58
4.1.3. Marja / 59
4.1.4. Hedgers, speculators and arbitrators / 60
4.2. Option contracts / 61
4.2.1. Definition of options / 62
4.2.2. Typology of options / 64
4.2.3. Elements of the options contract / 65
4.2.4. Mechanism of operation of an option contract / 68
4.2.5. Expiration codes / 68
4.2.6. Advantages and disadvantages of investing in options / 69
4.3. Contracts on stock market indices / 70

CHAPTER V. INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIPS / 71
5.1. International stock exchanges / 71
5.1.1. ICE - NYSE / 71
5.1.1.1. Sector A: NYSE / 72
5.1.1.2. Sector B: NASDAQ Stock Market / 73
5.1.1.3. Sector C: Third market / 75
5.1.1.4. Sector D: Institutional Networks Corporation / 75
5.1.2. Japan Exchange Group / 76
5.1.2.1. First Section and Second Section / 78
5.1.2.2. Mothers / 78
5.1.2.3. JASDAQ / 78
5.1.2.4. Tokyo PRO Market / 79
5.1.3. London Stock Exchange / 80
5.1.3.1. Main Market / 81
5.1.3.2. Alternative Investment Market / 82
5.1.3.3. Professional Securities Market / 82
5.1.3.4. Specialist Fund Market / 83
5.2. International commodity exchanges / 83
American market / 83
5.2.1. CME Group / 83
5.2.1.1. New York Mercantile Exchange / 84
5.2.1.2. Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) / 85
5.2.1.3. Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) / 85
5.2.2. Intercontinental Exchange / 86
European market / 89
5.2.3. Antwerp World Diamond Center / 89
5.2.4. London Metal Exchange / 90
Asian market / 91
5.2.5. Tokyo Commodity Exchange / 91
5.3. Scholarship members in international practice / 92

CHAPTER VI. STOCK EXCHANGE INDICES / 94
6.4. The main stock market indices on the international market / 96
6.4.1. Dow Jones Industrial Average / 96
6.4.2. Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Index / 99
6.4.3. NASDAQ 100 Index / 99
6.4.4. FTSE 100 Index / 100
6.4.5. Nikkei 225/100
6.4.6. DAX 30/101
6.4.7. CAC 40 Index / 101
6.4.8. Russell Global Index / 101
6.4.9. MSCI EAFE / 102
6.5. Stock market indices in Romania / 103
6.5.1. BET / 103 index
6.5.2. BET Index C / 105
6.5.3. BET FI / 106 index
6.5.4. ROTX / 107 index

CHAPTER VII. CAPITAL MARKET IN ROMANIA / 108
7.1. Investors and investments on the Romanian capital market / 109
7.2. Bucharest Stock Exchange / 110
7.3. Financial and Commodity Monetary Exchange Sibiu / 117
7.4. Financial Investment Services Companies / 117
7.5. Other capital market institutions / 118
7.5.1. Financial Supervisory Authority / 118
7.5.2. Central Depository / 120
7.5.3. Clearing Houses / 120
7.5.4. Institute of Corporate Governance / 120
7.5.5. Investor Compensation Fund / 120

At the beginning of the third millennium, a new process is manifesting itself more and more on the great chessboard of the world - globalization, which has become "the buzz word" of the new century. Globalization is known and felt in the economic environment, especially in the financial field, where the changes have been among the deepest and most impressive, the serious emphasis being placed on the unprecedented competitive process manifested at the level of various important financial centers and large banks. . These evolutions registered on the financial markets and at the level of the financial actors have led to the appearance and at the same time to the development of new financial instruments (futures, options, swap); thus, the changes registered in the practical activity produced in theoretical plan a change of the objectives pursued within the research of the financial market.
The scholarship is a fascinating, interesting place, which sometimes pumps your adrenaline fully into the bloodstream, where you earn real money, lots, even fortunes, with one exception: don't lose everything! (most lose all or part of their investments, and the percentage of losers among their day traders is 95%, so only 5% of day traders make a profit).
The stock exchange enjoys interest in the business world insofar as it ensures an organized framework for carrying out transactions and a system of principles and norms that guarantee the conclusion and execution of contracts in conditions of accuracy and fairness.
The International Scholarship course aims to introduce students to the fascinating world of the stock market environment, where you earn real money, a lot, but with one exception, not to lose everything in a few seconds. The course also aims to familiarize students with the main notions and specific terms used on international stock markets, with stock market participants, with the main stock market transactions made by market participants and with the main instruments traded on international stock markets. The wide range of information on international stock markets will also be supported by the theories and empirical evidence presented by Nobel Prize winners in reference works.

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