Justification of economic terminology is complex investigation. In recent decades, the study of scientific terminologies in terms of language is more developed and important. It is necessary for the relationship with common vocabulary compel a more limited vocabulary than specialized interest in broader terms useful in various fields, beyond a specific time. In these conditions, economics, society deeply involved in the development of particular importance, especially in the current Romanian (after 1990). Social changes - fundamental economic dynamics cause large lexical and terminological. The transition from socialist economy to market economy determine the evolution and conceptual differences - the economic term semantic, linguistic analysis of texts reflect different types and Romanian dictionaries. Need understanding of economic terms of wider circulation, extending in different types of communication requires a correct decoding result of an adequate definition. Define economic terms must subscribe to certain coordinates, regardless of use. Therefore, the analysis will focus primarily the (speech) economic environment, faced with the strictly scientific.
For this purpose we started from a representative body of economic texts use two levels: the science (see the sources I) and the environment, the economic press widely circulated (see the Sources II). Terms were selected considering their average frequency, correlated with representation in conceptual hierarchy - the semantics of scientific texts. Terms selected from many (sub) economic areas (financial, banking, commercial). Correlation of specialized criteria with linguistic (discursive, textual, contextual and semantic) determines the interpretation of the terms selected as words - key (see the PART I).
Analysis undertaken on several levels of use of economic terms leads to a more complex relationship between time and word, the problem of interest in current terminology (see also vol Mots, termes et contextes, 2006). Conceptual consequences occur - semantic and dynamic textual and contextual evidence conditioned.
The work is part of the description of terminologies Romanian language (see A.Bidu-Vranceanu 2000, 2007, 2010) which aims both methods of expression analysis (linguistic or otherwise) of the term, and, especially, to identify the meaning of specialized depending on the relationship between dictionaries (general and specialized) and texts with varying degrees of specialization. In this way the requirements are met current research-based terminology in describing uzajelor real economic terms (see also vol Mots, termes et contextes, 2006). Comparison of the two levels of use show obvious differences primarily in terms of sign systems used: the average level is characterized (almost exclusively) by using sign language, for which many variations uzajele looks real, the science used frequently (along with sign language) signs nonlingvistice - symbols, formulas and mathematical relationships (see the PART I). The result is a precise circumscription, unambiguous, non - specialized strictly ambiguous communication, variations in usage level is characteristic that appeals only to the terms designated by sign language. In these circumstances it is natural for descriptive analysis we will undertake to consider the expression and relationships based on language.
Depending of the particulars above analysis principles we will adopt the terminology belonging called "external" (v. A.Bidu-Vranceanu 2007). These principles were applied in the description of several Romanian terminology (id. and 2010), allowing comparison of results, both theoretical and applied interest.
In our work (as in other works mentioned, see A.Bidu-Vranceanu 2007, 2010) is primarily a place occupied by continuous relationship between dictionaries and text on the objective analysis of both economic terms paradigmatic axis (which aims to end relationships different types) and syntagmatic axis (by uzajele in the immediate context or further conditioned by the text with varying degrees of specialization). Will result in features of economic terminology, some general, others specific levels of use.