The work „Biserici construite in judetul Constanta in perioada 1878-1923“ ("Churches built in Constanta county during 1878-1923") meets the desire of His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel, as well as the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, to prepare a history of parish life in our country. As a result, we consider this enterprise welcome to inventory the places of worship in Constanta County, based on the archives kept in the Archdiocese and in the state funds. It is clear at first sight that the work is the result of an effort to dust off these archives, to interconnect them with the specialized bibliography, so that, finally, we have the possibility of reconstructing a cramp in the religious life of Romanians in Dobrogea .
Pr. Prof. Univ. Dr. Ioan Moldoveanu
Justinian Patriarch" Faculty of Orthodox Theology
"From the presented documents can be deduced both the patriotism of the king of Tara, and the hope placed in the new administrative-church bodies, which were meant to reintegrate the land into the great Romanian family, after about half a millennium of alienation. We notice that the author uses a unique informative material, found in the archives of parishes, archdioceses or diocesan centers, sometimes with many details. In this sense, especially important are various reports or information of the priests to the higher forums, which highlight the concrete realities of the parishes, the problems they encountered, but also the missionary activity, which they led in a world not always favorable. Christianity. "
Pr. Prof. Univ. Dr. Ionel Ene
University of the Lower Danube, Galati,
Faculty of History, Philosophy and Theology
"The present research shows us not only the simple notation of chronological elements, but also the way of erecting the holy places, the materials used, the goods with which they were equipped, starting from the church furniture to the holy liturgical vessels or to the cult books. During the research period, the author concluded that over a hundred churches were built. It is impressive that for many of these churches parish houses have been built, new cemeteries have been organized or the old ones have been rehabilitated. "
Pr. Prof. Univ. Dr. Claudiu Cotan,
Ovidius University in Constanta,
Faculty of Orthodox Theology "Saint Andrew the Apostle"
PREFACE / 5
ABBREVIATIONS / 6
I. INTRODUCTION / 7
I.1. Sources of research arguments / 12
I.2. Research methodology / 15
II. THE STATE OF DOBROGE IN 1878 / 18
II.1. Political, economic, social and military context / 18
II.2. Dobrogea church life in 1878 / 22
II.3. Some data about other denominations in Constanta county / 30
III. THE STATE OF THE CLERGY / 33
III.1. Bishops of the Lower Danube from 1878-1923 / 40
III.2. Re-establishment of the Episcopate of Constanta, Bishop Ilarie Teodorescu / 52
III.3. The Archdiocese of Constanta from 1878-1923 / 53
IV. CONSTANTA CHURCHES / 61
IV.1. Churches built before the War of Independence / 61
IV.2. Places of worship founded between 1878-1900 / 101
IV.3. Churches built between 1901-1923 / 171
CONCLUSIONS / 241
ANNEXES / 261
Annex 1. The proclamation to the Dobrogeans of the M.S.R. Carol I of 14.XI.1878 / 261
Annex 2. High Agenda of the M.S.R. Carol I of 14.XI.1878 / 263
Annex 3. Inspection sheet of 8 April 1910/264
Annex 4. Address of the Archdiocese of Constanta County No. 418 of June 28, 1912/272
Annex 5. File Basarbi Parish Inventory of September 30, 1967/273
BIBLIOGRAPHY / 277
The presented work, bearing a suggestive title:„Biserici construite in judetul Constanta in perioada 1878-1923” ("Churches built in Constanta county during 1878-1923"), fills a gap felt in our literature on church life in Dobrogea in 1878-1923, bringing to attention a topical issue not only for the history of Romanian Christianity, but also for the history of Southeast European Christianity.
The research done by Dr. Dumitru Carabas, with tenacity and critical sense, completes an important chapter in Dobrogea and national historiography. The author aims and manages to present in a systematic way, according to the scientific and methodological norms in force, the panoply of churches built in Constanta county between 1878-1923, in the context of Dobrogea's return to the Motherland, after the Romanian War of Independence.
The historical period under study represents the 45 years that have passed since the re-entry of Dobrogea into the Romanian borders and the installation of the Romanian administration between the Danube and the Sea (1878), until the reactivation of the ancient diocese of Tomis (1923). The issue of the study is represented by the orthodox places of worship built between 1878-1923, in Constanta county, practically within the Archdiocese of Tomis today. The research topic is in the corridor of scientific research in the field of historical theology, highlighting the realities of Dobrogea church life in the modern and contemporary period, which is also important and current research.
The author made an on-site radiograph of the situation of the churches that were built in Constanta county in the period that interests us, studying directly the inscriptions and especially the documents from their archives. The significance of the proposed research lies in the detailed knowledge of the Dobrogean church life from 1878-1923, as well as the validation or invalidation of the working hypotheses listed by the author at the beginning of his scientific approach.
The large number of churches built during this period of almost half a century impresses, especially if we consider the construction of parish houses next to places of worship, the purchase of vessels, scents, worship books, priestly vestments and especially the establishment of a land intended for the cemetery.
The work is distinguished by several qualities that give it scientific consistency and originality, among which we mention its topicality and usefulness in current theological literature, the study completing a gap felt in contemporary church historiography.
Pr. prof. univ. dr. Nechita Runcan