Electroterapie. Principii practice

Editura Universitara
50,00 Lei

ISBN: 978-606-28-1009-2

DOI: 10.5682/9786062810092

Publisher year: 2019

Edition: I

Pages: 246

Publisher: Editura Universitară

Author: Cristina Daia

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In this volume called "Electrotherapy - practical principles", I allowed myself to resume and synthesize the basic theoretical notions that I have up-dated with the existing information in the specialized literature, in order to be useful in understanding and prescribing accordingly. a physiotherapy treatment.

Therefore the emphasis material is placed from the practical point of view, meaning prescribing and applying physiotherapy, notions presented on the basis of a recent bibliographic material, but also of personal experience, but especially, given the notions I have taken from those whom I also learned myself, to whom I owe the proper respect and consideration and to whom I would like to thank in this way (in chronological order of my professional development): Prof. Dr. M Berteanu (with whom I worked the first six months during my residency and bachelor's guide for the 2nd faculty of physiotherapy), Conf. Dr. G. Mologheanu (my tutor during the residency), Prof. Dr. AS Nica, Conf. Dr. D. Cinteza, Prof. Dr. L Sidenco and, last but not list, Prof. Dr. G. Onose (mentor of the doctoral work and contributor to my training as a young specialist). I would also like to thank all my colleagues, older or younger, with whom I have interacted professionally over time.

Cristina Daia, MD, PhD

  • Electroterapie. Principii practice

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CRISTINA DAIA

University studies:
- Faculty of General Medicine within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy (UMF) "Carol Davila", Bucharest, graduated in 1999
- Faculty of Medicine - Physiokinetotherapy specialization, from UMF "Carol Davila", Bucharest, graduated in 2003

Degrees, qualifications, professional positions:
- Primary care physician - Recovery, Physical Medicine and Balneology (Medical Recovery), from 06. 2011 diploma issued on 14.09.2011; Specialist in Recovery, Physical Medicine and Balneology - since 18.05.2006
- Head of University Works UMF "Carol Davila", Bucharest, from 1.10.2014 in confirmation of decision no. 3072; University Assistant from 1.10.2006 with confirmation decision no. 10871
- Doctor in medical sciences - from 7.11.2012; Theme of the doctoral thesis: "Research on modern ways to significantly improve the recovery results in neurological disorders through neural axial lesions" Scientific Coordinator Prof. Dr. Gelu Onose.
- Physiokinetotherapist (2003)

Professional experience:
- Integrated clinical activity: Neuro-muscular Recovery Clinic of the Emergency Clinical Hospital „Bagdasar Arseni” Bucharest, from 1.03.2007,

Scientific activity
- Studies and scientific articles: 52 (11 ISI)
- Author / co-author in books / specialized textbooks: 8
- OSIM patents: 3
- International awards: 2

Research activity:
- Team member of 5 completed research projects / grants

Professional companies:
- Secretary General of the Romanian Society of Neurorehabilitation affiliated to the World Federation for Neurorehabilitation (WFNR) and member of WFNR (since 2007)
- Founding member of the Romanian Society of Pathology, Therapy and Vertebromedullary Recovery affiliated to the International Spinal Cord Society (ISCoS) and the European Spinal Cord Injury Federation (ESCIF)


 

FOREWORD / 5

FOREWORD / 7

I. PHYSIOTHERAPY. ELECTROTHERAPY / 17
I.1. Generalities of physiotherapy: Definition, classification, basic physical notions / 17
I.2. Types of currents used in electrotherapy / 21
I.3. General characteristics of the currents used in electrotherapy / 22
I.4. General contraindications of physiotherapy / 23

II. RECTIFIED CURRENTS / 25
II.1. Definition. Production methods / 25
II.2. Physical parameters of electric current pulses / 26
II.3. Classification of rectified currents / 29
II.4. Characteristics of rectified currents / 30

III. GALVANIC CURRENT (CONTINUOUS) / 33
III.1. Ways of obtaining / 33
III.2. Features / 35
III.3. Indications. Contraindications. Precautions for use CG / 40
III.4. Application methods / 41
III.5. Simple galvanizing / 41
III.5.1 Methods of application and prescription / 41
III.5.2 Simple galvanizing formulas / 46
III.6 Ionogalvanization / 47
III.6.1 General considerations / 47
III.6.2 Ionogalvanization formulas / 49
III.7. Galvanic baths 51
III.7.1 Galvanic bath formulas / 51
III.8. Galvanic current transcranial stimulation (tDCS) / 54

IV. LOW FREQUENCY CURRENTS / 56
IV.1. Diadynamic currents / 56
IV.1.1. Types of diadynamic currents and ways of obtaining / 56
IV.1.2. Features CDD / 61
IV.1.3. Indications and contraindications CDD / 62
IV.1.4. Ways of application and prescription CDD / 65
IV.1.5. Example, formula CDD / 67
IV.2. Exponential current / 69
IV.2.1. Definition / 69
IV.2.2. Principles of electrostimulation / 70
IV.2.3. Ways of application and prescription CE / 73
IV.2.4. Indications and contraindications exponential current / 76
IV.2.5. Example, formula / 77
IV.3. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENS / 79
IV.3.1. Definition. Principle of electrostimulation / 79
IV.3.2. Electrostimulation parameters / 79
IV.3.3. Indications. Contraindications / 81
IV.3.4. Ways of application and prescription / 82
IV.3.5. Example, formula / 84
IV.4. Current TRÄBERT / 84
IV.4.1. Definition. Features / 84
IV.4.2. Indications. Contraindications. Precautions / 85
IV.4.3. Ways of application and prescription / 85
IV.4.4. Example, formula / 86
IV.5. Faradic current. Neopharadic current / 86
IV.5.1. Definition. Features / 86
IV.5.2. Indications. Contraindications. Precautions / 87
IV.6. Other forms of currents: HUFSCHIMIDT, LEDUC, HVT / 88 currents

V. MEDIUM FREQUENCY ALTERNATIVE CURRENTS / 91
V.1. Definition. Types of medium frequency currents / 91
V.2. Current medium frequency characteristics / 91
V.3. Medium frequency interference current / 94
V.3.1. Definition. Production methods / 94
V.3.2. Indications and contraindications / 98
V.3.3. Ways of application and prescription CIMF / 99
V.3.5. Form CIMF / 102
V.4. Russian stimulation (KOTZ current) / 105

VI. DEEP OSCILLATION / 106
VI.1. Principle of operation / 106
VI.2. Mechanism of action. Biology effects. Therapeutic effects / 106
VI.3. Methods of application and dosage / 107
VI.4. Indications and contraindications deep oscillation / 112
VI.5. Example formula / 113

VII. ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION (WHERE) / 114
VII.1. Basic physical notions related to electromagnetic radiation / 114
VII.2. Classification of electromagnetic radiation EMU / 114
VIII. HIGH FREQUENCY CURRENTS / 116

VIII.1 SHORT WAVES / 117
VIII.1.1. Generalities. Definition. Characteristics. Effects / 117
VIII.1.2. Application technique / 118
VIII.1.3. Indications. Precautions. Contraindications / 125
VIII.1.4. Example. Formula / 126
VIII.2 SHORT PRESS WHERE. DIAPULSE / 127
VIII.2.1. Generalities. Definition. Characteristics. Effects / 127
VIII.2.2. Indications. Contraindications / 127
VIII.2.3. Application technique for the diapulse device / 129
VIII.2.4. Example. Formula / 131
VIII.2.5. Other appliances / 131
VIII.3 MICROWAVE / 132
VIII.3.1. Generalities. Definition. Characteristics. Effects / 132
VIII.3.2. Indications. Contraindications / 134
VIII.3.3. Application technique / 135
VIII.4 WHERE LONG. TECAR / 135
VIII.4.1. Generalities. Definition. Characteristics. Effects / 135
VIII.4.2. Indications. Contraindications / 137
VIII.4.3. Tecar application technique / 138

IX. PHOTOTHERAPY / 141
IX.1. Infrared radiation / 142
IX.1.1. Generalities. Definition. Characteristics. Effects / 142
IX.1.2. Application technique RIR / 145
IX.1.3. Indications and contraindications RIR / 147
IX.2. Ultraviolet radiation / 148
IX.2.1. Definition. Classification / 148
IX.2.2. Physico-pathological effects RUV: Actinic erythema / 148
IX.2.3. Biological and therapeutic effects RUV 151
IX.2.4. Indications and contraindications RIR / 151
IX.2.5. Prescription RUV / 152
IX.3. LASER / 153
IX.3.1. Ways to obtain LASER / 153
IX.3.2. Properties of LASER / 154 radiation
IX.3.3. Useful physical quantities for understanding LASER / 155
IX.3.4. General biological effects LASER / 156
IX.3.5. LASER classification / 156
IX.3.6. Low Level LASER Therapy (LLLT) / 158
IX.3.6.1. Features LLLT / 158
IX.3.6.2. Principle of use in recovery / 159
IX.3.6.3. Mechanisms of action LLLT / 159
IX.3.6.4. Biological effects LLLT / 160
IX.3.6.5. Therapeutic effects LLLT / 161
IX.3.6.6. Indications and contraindications. Precautions for use LLLT / 162
IX.3.6.7. Dosage LLLT / 163
IX.3.6.8. Formulas and examples LLLT / 165
IX.3.7. Multiwave Locked System (MLS) / 166 LASER closed electromagnetic wave system
IX.3.7.1. Definition of MLS / 166
IX.3.7.2. MLS Applicator Features / 167
IX.3.7.3. Mechanisms of action MLS / 168
IX.3.7.4. Therapeutic effects MLS / 168
IX.3.7.5. Indications and contraindications. Precautions for use MLS / 169
IX.3.8. High Intensity Laser Therapy Method: (High Intensity Laser Therapy, HILT) / 171
IX.3.8.1 Definition HILT / 171
IX.3.8.2 HILT / 172 characteristics
IX.3.8.3 Biological effects HILT / 174
IX.3.8.4 Therapeutic effects HILT / 174
IX.3.8.5 Indications and contraindications. Precautions for use / 175
IX.3.8.8 Application technique HILT / 178

X. OSCILLATORY ELECTROMECHANOTHERAPY / 185
X.1. ULTRASOUND (US) / 185
X.1.1. Definition. Methods of obtaining US / 185
X.1.2. Physico-chemical effects US / 186
X.1.3. Therapeutic effects US / 186
X.1.4. Indications. Contraindications. Precautions US / 187
X.1.5. Application technique US / 188
X.1.6. Example. Formula US / 191
X.2. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (SW) / 191
X.2.1. Physical notions / 191
X.2.2. Definition SW / 192
X.2.3. General features SW / 192
X.2.4. Production methods SW / 193
X.2.5. Physico- (chemical) effects. Therapeutic effects SW / 194
X.2.6. Indications. Contraindications. Precautions SW / 196
X.2.7. Application technique SW / 197
X.2.8. Formula, Example / 199

XI. MAGNETIC FIELD AND ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD / 201
XI.1. Basic physical notions regarding the magnetic field, respectively the electromagnetic field / 201
XI.2.1. Production of the magnetic field in the case of electrotherapy devices / 201
XI.2.2. Classification of CM and EMC, respectively, used in physiotherapy devices, currently / 201
XI.2. Production and classification of the magnetic field, respectively of the electromagnetic field / 203
XI.3. Alternative low-frequency magnetic field (LFSWF) / 204
XI.3.1. Definition / 204
XI.3.2. LFSWF / 204 equipment
XI.3.3. Effects of CMAJF / LFSWF / 209
XI.3.4. Prescription, formulas CMAJF / LFSWF / 209
XI.4. Static magnetic fields (CMS) / static magnetic fields (SMF) / 213
XI.5. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) / 214
XI.5.1. Definition and classification of PEMF / 214
XI.5.2. Repetitive Pulse Magnetic Stimulation (rPMS) therapy / 215
XI.5.2.1. Definition of rPMS / 215
XI.5.2.2. Effects rPMS / 216
XI.5.2.3. Indications rPMS / 218
XI.5.2.4. Contraindications rPMS / 218
XI.5.2.5. Prescribing and application methodology / 219
XI.5.3. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation / Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic / Electric Stimulation (rTMS) / 219
XI.5.3.1. Definition of rTMS / 219
XI.5.3.2. Indications, applications, examples, rTMS / 219

BIBLIOGRAPHY / 221









 

 

In this volume called "Electrotherapy - practical principles", I allowed myself to resume and synthesize the basic theoretical notions that I up-dated with the existing information in the literature, in order to be useful in understanding and prescribing of a physiotherapeutic treatment.
Therefore, the emphasis is on the practical part of prescribing and applying physiotherapy, notions presented based on a recent bibliographic material, but also on personal experience, but especially, given the notions we have taken from those from which I also learned, to whom I owe the appropriate respect and consideration and to whom I want to thank in this way (in chronological order of my professional development): Prof. Dr. M. Berteanu (with whom I worked the first six months during the residency and licensed guide for the 2nd specialization physiokinetotherapy), Assoc. Prof. Dr. G. Mologheanu (my mentor during the residency), Prof. Dr. AS Nica, Assoc. Prof. Dr. D. Cinteza, Prof. Dr. L. Sidenco and "last but not list" Prof. Dr. G. Onose (doctoral supervisor and contributor to my training as a young specialist). I would also like to thank all my colleagues, older or younger, with whom I interacted professionally over time.


Dr. Cristina Daia

www.editurauniversitara.ro

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