Electroterapie. Principii practice

50,00 Lei

ISBN: 978-606-28-1009-2

DOI: 10.5682/9786062810092

Publisher year: 2019

Edition: I

Pages: 246

Publisher: Editura Universitară

Author: Cristina Daia

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In this volume called "Electrotherapy - practical principles", I allowed myself to resume and synthesize the basic theoretical notions that I have up-dated with the existing information in the specialized literature, in order to be useful in understanding and prescribing accordingly. a physiotherapy treatment.

Therefore the emphasis material is placed from the practical point of view, meaning prescribing and applying physiotherapy, notions presented on the basis of a recent bibliographic material, but also of personal experience, but especially, given the notions I have taken from those whom I also learned myself, to whom I owe the proper respect and consideration and to whom I would like to thank in this way (in chronological order of my professional development): Prof. Dr. M Berteanu (with whom I worked the first six months during my residency and bachelor's guide for the 2nd faculty of physiotherapy), Conf. Dr. G. Mologheanu (my tutor during the residency), Prof. Dr. AS Nica, Conf. Dr. D. Cinteza, Prof. Dr. L Sidenco and, last but not list, Prof. Dr. G. Onose (mentor of the doctoral work and contributor to my training as a young specialist). I would also like to thank all my colleagues, older or younger, with whom I have interacted professionally over time.

Cristina Daia, MD, PhD

  • Electroterapie. Principii practice

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CUVANT INAINTE /5

FOREWORD/ 7

I. FIZIOTERAPIE. ELECTROTERAPIE /17

I.1. Generalitati fizioterapie: Definitie, clasificare, notiuni fizice de baza / 17

I.2. Tipuri de curenti folositi in electroterapie/ 21

I.3. Caracteristici generale ale curentilor folositi in electroterapie /22

I.4. Contraindicatiile generale ale fizioterapiei/ 23

II. CURENTI REDRESATI/ 25

II.1. Definitie. Modalitati de producere / 25

II.2. Parametrii fizici ai impulsurilor de curent electric /26

II.3. Clasificarea curentilor redresati /29

II.4. Caracteristicile curentilor redresati / 30

III. CURENT GALVANIC (CONTINUU) /33

III.1. Modalitati de obtinere/ 33

III.2. Caracteristici /35

III.3. Indicatii. Contraindicatii. Precautii de utilizare CG/ 40

III.4. Modalitati de aplicare/ 41

III.5. Galvanizarea simpla/ 41

III.5.1 Modalitati de aplicare si prescriere/ 41

III.5.2 Formule galvanizare simpla / 46

III.6 Ionogalvanizarea / 47

III.6.1 Consideratii generale / 47

III.6.2 Formule ionogalvanizare / 49

III.7. Baile galvanice/ 51

III.7.1 Formule bai galvanice/ 51

III.8. Stimularea transcraniana cu curent galvanic (tDCS) / 54

IV. CURENTI DE JOASA FRECVENTA/ 56

IV.1. Curenti diadinamici/56

IV.1.1. Tipuri de curenti diadinamici si modalitati de obtinere/ 56

IV.1.2. Caracteristici CDD/ 61

IV.1.3. Indicatii si contraindicatii CDD/62

IV.1.4. Modalitati de aplicare si prescriere CDD/ 65

IV.1.5. Exemple, formule CDD / 67

IV.2. Curent exponential /69

IV.2.1. Definitie / 69

IV.2.2. Principii de electrostimulare / 70

IV.2.3. Modalitati de aplicare si prescriere CE/73

IV.2.4. Indicatii si contraindicatii curent exponential/76

IV.2.5. Exemple, formule / 77

IV.3. Stimularea nervoasa electrica transcutanata TENS/ 79

IV.3.1. Definitie. Principiu de electrostimulare /79

IV.3.2. Parametrii de electrostimulare / 79

IV.3.3. Indicatii. Contraindicatii/81

IV.3.4. Modalitati de aplicare si prescriere / 82

IV.3.5. Exemple, formule/ 84

IV.4. Curent TRÄBERT /84

IV.4.1. Definitie. Caracteristici/ 84

IV.4.2. Indicatii. Contraindicatii. Precautii/ 85

IV.4.3. Modalitati de aplicare si prescriere /85

IV.4.4. Exemple, formule / 86

IV.5. Curent faradic. Curent neofaradic/ 86

IV.5.1. Definitie. Caracteristici/86

IV.5.2. Indicatii. Contraindicatii. Precautii / 87

IV.6. Alte forme de curenti: curenti HUFSCHIMIDT, LEDUC, HVT/ 88

V. CURENTI ALTERNATIVI DE MEDIE FRECVENTA/ 91

V.1. Definitie. Tipuri de curenti de medie frecventa /91

V.2. Caracteristici curenti de medie frecventa /91

V.3. Curent interferential de medie frecventa/ 94

V.3.1. Definitie. Modalitati de producere / 94

V.3.2. Indicatii si contraindicatii/ 98

V.3.3. Modalitati de aplicare si prescriere CIMF / 99

V.3.5. Formule CIMF / 102

V.4. Stimulare ruseasca (Curentul KOTZ) / 105

VI. DEEP OSCILLATION / 106

VI.1. Principiu de functionare / 106

VI.2. Mecanism de actiune. Efecte biologie. Efecte terapeutice/ 106

VI.3. Modalitati de aplicare si dozaj /107

VI.4. Indicatii si contraindicatii deep oscillation / 112

VI.5. Exemple formule / 113

VII. RADIATII (UNDE) ELECTROMAGNETICE / 114

VII.1. Notiuni fizice de baza referitoare la radiatiile electromagnetice / 114

VII.2. Clasificarea radiatiilor electromagnetice UEM / 114

VIII. CURENTI DE INALTA FRECVENTA / 116

VIII.1 UNDE SCURTE / 117

VIII.1.1. Generalitati. Definitie. Caracteristici. Efecte / 117

VIII.1.2. Tehnica de aplicare / 118

VIII.1.3. Indicatii. Precautii. Contraindicatii / 125

VIII.1.4. Exemple. Formule/ 126

VIII.2 UNDE SCURTE PULSATE. DIAPULSE/ 127

VIII.2.1. Generalitati. Definitie. Caracteristici. Efecte / 127

VIII.2.2. Indicatii. Contraindicatii/ 127

VIII.2.3. Tehnica de aplicare pentru aparatul diapulse / 129

VIII.2.4. Exemple. Formule / 131

VIII.2.5. Alte aparate / 131

VIII.3 MICROUNDE/ 132

VIII.3.1. Generalitati. Definitie. Caracteristici. Efecte /132

VIII.3.2. Indicatii. Contraindicatii/ 134

VIII.3.3. Tehnica de aplicare /135

VIII.4 UNDE LUNGI. TECAR/ 135

VIII.4.1. Generalitati. Definitie. Caracteristici. Efecte / 135

VIII.4.2. Indicatii. Contraindicatii / 137

VIII.4.3. Tehnica de aplicare tecar/138

IX. FOTOTERAPIA /141

IX.1. Radiatii infrarosii/ 142

IX.1.1. Generalitati. Definitie. Caracteristici. Efecte / 142

IX.1.2. Tehnica de aplicare RIR / 145

IX.1.3. Indicatii si contraindicatii RIR /147

IX.2. Radiatii ultraviolet/ 148

IX.2.1. Definitie. Clasificare/ 148

IX.2.2. Efecte fizico-patologice RUV: Eritemul actinic/ 148

IX.2.3. Efecte biologice si terapeutice RUV/ 151

IX.2.4. Indicatii si contraindicatii RIR / 151

IX.2.5. Prescriere RUV / 152

IX.3. LASER / 153

IX.3.1. Modalitati de obtinere LASER /153

IX.3.2. Proprietatile radiatiei LASER / 154

IX.3.3. Marimi fizice utile pentru intelegere LASER / 155

IX.3.4. Efecte biologice generale LASER/ 156

IX.3.5. Clasificarea LASER/ 156

IX.3.6. Terapia cu LASER de joasa putere energetica (Low Level LASER Therapy, LLLT) / 158

IX.3.6.1. Caracteristici LLLT/ 158

IX.3.6.2. Principiu de utilizare in recuperare /. 159

IX.3.6.3. Mecanisme de actiune LLLT /159

IX.3.6.4. Efecte biologice LLLT / 160

IX.3.6.5. Efecte terapeutice LLLT /161

IX.3.6.6. Indicatii si contraindicatii. Precautii de utilizare LLLT/ 162

IX.3.6.7. Dozarea LLLT / 163

IX.3.6.8. Formule si exemple LLLT / 165

IX.3.7. Sistemul inchis de unde electromagnetice multiple LASER (Multiwave Locked System, MLS) /166

IX.3.7.1. Definitie MLS / 166

IX.3.7.2. Aplicatorul MLS caracteristici /167

IX.3.7.3. Mecanisme de actiune MLS/ 168

IX.3.7.4. Efecte terapeutice MLS/ 168

IX.3.7.5. Indicatii si contraindicatii. Precautii de utilizare MLS/ 169

IX.3.8. Metoda terapeutica LASER de inalta intensitate: (High Intensity Laser Therapy, HILT)/ 171

IX.3.8.1 Definitie HILT/ 171

IX.3.8.2 Caracteristici HILT/ 172

IX.3.8.3 Efectele biologice HILT / 174

IX.3.8.4 Efecte terapeutice HILT/ 174

IX.3.8.5 Indicatii si contraindicatii. Precautii de utilizare/ 175

IX.3.8.8 Tehnica de aplicare HILT / 178

X. ELECTROMECANOTERAPIE OSCILATORIE /185

X.1. ULTRASUNET (US) /185

X.1.1. Definitie. Modalitati de obtinere US/ 185

X.1.2. Efecte fizico-chimice US/ 186

X.1.3. Efecte terapeutice US / 186

X.1.4. Indicatii. Contraindicatii. Precautii US / 187

X.1.5. Tehnica de aplicare US /188

X.1.6. Exemple. Formule US / 191

X.2. Terapia cu unde de soc extracorporale (SW)/ 191

X.2.1. Notiuni fizice / 191

X.2.2. Definitie SW / 192

X.2.3. Caracteristici generale SW/ 192

X.2.4. Modalitati de producere SW/ 193

X.2.5. Efecte fizico-(chimice). Efecte terapeutice SW/ 194

X.2.6. Indicatii. Contraindicatii. Precautii SW / 196

X.2.7. Tehnica de aplicare SW/ 197

X.2.8. Formule, Exemple / 199

XI. CAMP MAGNETIC SI CAMP ELECTROMAGNETIC/ 201

XI.1. Notiuni fizice de baza referitoare la campul magnetic, respectiv

campul electromagnetic / 201

XI.2.1. Producerea campului magnetic in cazul aparatelor de

electroterapie / 201

XI.2.2. Clasificarea CM, respectiv a CEM, folosite in aparatele de fizioterapie, in prezent / 201

XI.2. Producerea si clasificarea campului magnetic, respectiv a campului electromagnetic/ 203

XI.3. Camp magnetic alternativ de joasa frecventa / low-frequency sine waves field (LFSWF) /204

XI.3.1. Definitie / 204

XI.3.2. Aparatura LFSWF / 204

XI.3.3. Efecte CMAJF/LFSWF / 209

XI.3.4. Prescriere, formule CMAJF/LFSWF/ 209

XI.4. Camp magnetic static (CMS) / static magnetic fields (SMF)/ 213

XI.5. Camp electro-magnetic pulsat (pulsed electromagnetic fields, PEMF) / 214

XI.5.1. Definitie si clasificare PEMF /214

XI.5.2. Stimulare magnetica repetitiva pulsata / Repetitive Pulse Magnetic Stimulation (rPMS) therapy/ 215

XI.5.2.1. Definitie rPMS / 215

XI.5.2.2. Efecte rPMS/ 216

XI.5.2.3. Indicatii rPMS/ 218

XI.5.2.4. Contraindicatii rPMS/ 218

XI.5.2.5. Metodologie de prescriere si aplicare / 219

XI.5.3. Stimulare magnetica repetitiva transcraniana / repetitive Transcranial Magnetic/Electric Stimulation (rTMS)/ 219

XI.5.3.1. Definitie rTMS /219

XI.5.3.2. Indicatii, aplicatii, exemple, rTMS /219

BIBLIOGRAFIE/ 221

Cristina Daia

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