Editura Universitara Cultures and institutions of economic theory - Determination cultural economic performance

19,27 Lei

ISBN: 978-973-749-132-9

Publisher year: 2007

Edition: I

Pages: 239

Publisher: Universitară

Author: Paul Fudulu

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A book project about the culture and economic institutions came naturally as a continuation of a paradigm that I suggested and that long before I hired her to achieve two other books of mine. In "Metamaximizare" (1995) demonstrated that individual choice is the basis of general power Maximizer correct modeling of phenomena from the perspective of Orthodox can only irritate (I think, in this context, Hayek irritation to the concerns of individuals with social justice). I noticed in the introduction to that work that institutional economics, born especially the contributions of Professor Buchanan, shows a shocking lack: preferences. One option, albeit rules was dealt with completely ignoring the preferences that the primary even when representative or social, must be worn by individuals. The same shocking absence is recorded in the new institutional economic theory.
Fundamental change of perspective in dealing with rules and institutions that introduced by this paper is as follows: The rule is not a tool chosen by common action to shape human interaction, but repeated normal individual option produces spontaneously or deliberately, but in very strict limits, rules of social interaction. Otherwise expressed: the primary or fundamental rules but there are individual choices between alternative rule is fundamentally the result of individual choice situations. Rules of human interaction are the result of individual choices repeated when other individuals are, in relation to an individual, any and every, part of the outside alternative. In other words, settling such a perspective is intimately linked to changes imposed by Western culture maximandului within which economic theory was born of this standard or orthodox: the absolute wealth maximandul maximandul general power.
Ironically, those with more resources devoted to fundamental economic research - Western economists - are deprived of the most fundamental condition for a correct approach: cross-cultural perspective. This perspective seems more natural as the median of Romanian culture. Western culture is an extreme type curtain generating illusions that still had disastrous effects on standard economic theory that she exuded it. See inside work hard evidence repudiated the false theories of economic failure and externalities and public goods.
Two of the most important representatives of economics and sociology, and Buchanan, respectively, Hofstede have validated this perspective by accepting the reality of the phenomenon of cultural blindness (see back cover with their comments). It is not just coincidence that this reality can eliminate enormous distance that separates the economy of sociology and other disciplines in the social perception of real type of person who inhabits human communities. whereas sociology takes as a given type of human personality variability and pour this reality in its basic concept of culture, Western economists to explain reality persists on a type of man Extreme, which has no counterpart even in their own social reality . What no one disputes the reality of cultural diversity, solving this large discrepancy can be resolved only theoretical based on the type of person accepting variability, ie accepting the fundamental truth of sociology. How far we can achieve this in the comment of Professor Buchanan, who, though late, accept cultural blindness phenomenon, as more and no Western economist did not. How serious is this reality can be understood from Hofstede's comment that he believes, without reservation, almost all American Nobel laureates as cultural blinded. No wonder that the Western economist, culture - the reality and concept - it is something that is ignored or, at best, misunderstood the true size and, as such, marginalized.
What solutions offer the reader this work? First, we introduced a definition of operational force for maximum coverage economist and institutions. Orthodox definition of institutions is a private, operationalized extreme and impossible in economic studies. This is recognized by orthodox economists themselves. Second, we introduced institutional option as a special case of individual choice, a situation which can not leave the one hand preferences. This innovation has allowed me the concept of culture and then placing the foundation of economic theory of institutions: the theory of institutional choice based on their cultural preferences. Subsequent resolutions arising naturally from these foundations of a different theory of institutions: identification of a single mechanism that explains both the device and the institutions created, revealing the true difficulties of reforming policies when seeking to impose the same institution in the cultural realities different basis for normality weak economic performance in most cultural contexts and, finally, last but not important, identify the cause of false theories Orthodox neabandonării externalities and public goods.
This book is the result of a research effort generously supported by institutions and individuals who, therefore, we are extremely grateful. As before, we received excellent study conditions offered by Buchanan House in George Mason University, Fairfax Campus, Virginia, U.S.. Betty Tillman, life assistance of Professor Buchanan was my frequent visits over an excellent host and organizer. Enthusiasm and dedication to, which influenced many careers extremely beneficial, primarily that of Professor Buchanan, had a very positive influence. I am extremely indebted to Professor Buchanan himself has sacrificed many hours of his own research time to read and comment on my studies. I have the same great gratitude for the great Dutch sociologist Geert Hofstede, which greatly encouraged me commenting on my studies and validating results. There can be no greater joy than to approach, through its research, two scientists representing the disciplines of social exception, at least so far, have irreconcilable fundamental approaches. This would not have been possible without intellectual honesty and integrity of teachers and Hofstede Buchanan. I very pleased words and Viktor Vanberg and Peter Bernholz teachers who read and commented on my studies promptly, give feedback and suggestions very encouraging. Finally, I would like to offer my deep gratitude Mihaela Lungu and enthusiasm for the effort involved in research work exceptional drafting bibliographic and highly beneficial influence the pace and quality of completion of this book.

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Paul Fudulu

Paul Fudulu is professor doctor at University of Bucharest. He participated in numerous research programs in the U.S. and Europe for 4 years.
He made original contributions to the development of economic science, of which the most important is to design a new paradigm in which standard economic theory (orthodox) corresponding to a particular model is an extreme social reality. Paradigm has been validated by researchers of international reputation in Europe and the U.S. such as Geert Hofstede, Viktor Vanberg, Peter Bernholz and Nobel laureate in economics, James Buchanan. Among the significant works:
1. "On the Rationality of Immiserating Coercion" (with Roger D. Congleton) in the "Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization", July 1996, 133-136, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
2. "On the Consistency between Different Cultures and the National Institution of Free Market" in "Moral, Legal and Political Values ​​in Romanian Culture", M. Czobor-Lupp, J. Stefan Lupp (ed.), The Council for Research in Values ​​and Philosophy, 2002, Washington, DC
3. "Economic Theory of cultures and institutions. Determining Cultural Economic Performance," Editura Universitară, Bucharest, 2007
4. "Fundamental Ideas in Economic Theory of Institutions" Romanian Center for Comparative and Consensual Economics, Bucharest, 2003 (Published in English)
5. "Handicapped Societies. A Theory of Continuous Economic Failure", Expert Publishing House, Bucharest, 2000 (Published in English)
6. "Metamaximizare. Wealth and Justice", Expert Publishing House, Bucharest, 1995
7. "Economic Perspectives on the effectiveness of institutions', in 'Annals of University of Bucharest', Political Science, 2001, Bucharest University Press
8. "The Weak Institutions Syndrome as the Effect of the Cultural-Institutional Gap", in Proceedings of the Romanian Academy, Series C, Volume 1, Numbers 2-3/2001, pp.109-122
9. "Maximization Thourough Metamaximization as a Process", Proceedings of the Romanian Academy, Series C: Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume I, Number 1, January-April, 2001, p.: 63-68
10. "An alternative theory of externalities and public goods", Revue des Sciences Ėconomiques Romaine, Academy Roumaine, Tome 49-50, 2004-2005
11. "Highlights neoconservative economic thinking in the West," Economic Review no. 42, 43, 44/1989
12. "Can We Explain Economic Performance without Values?" Revue des sciences économiques Romaine, Academy Roumaine, Tome 48, No 2, Juillet-December 2003
University and academic activity:
• Romanian Academy awarded in 2001 the prize "Petre S. Aurelian" for the book "Metamaximizare: Wealth and Justice"
• Department of Economics, law and sociology of the Romanian Academy, in May 2008, gave "Certificate of Merit" for outstanding achievements in the work of the National Committee "MIRRORS ESEN Group" of the Romanian Academy
• Currently runs the program "Religion and Economy" in the National Committee "ESEN reflection group" of the Romanian Academy
• The doctoral into the Romanian Academy in 2002
• He participated with papers and reports to over 70 international scientific meetings in the U.S. and Europe
• Is a member of the editorial team of the series "Nobel laureates in economics", published under the aegis of the Romanian Academy and the National Bank of Romania
• Is a member of the editorial board of the journal "Romanian Journal for Comparative Economics and International Studies" National Committee "ESEN reflection group" of the Romanian Academy
• Translated into Romanian the book of Gordon James and Buchanban Tulock , "Calculation of consensus"
• Structure and content of macro and microeconomic works include the author's personal contributions and the types of human personality, social justice curves extra-economics arguments against international trade (in the context of standard theories of international trade inability to interpret economic reality ) and elements of public choice theory and game theory

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