Editura Universitara Global Economic Geography. Course Notes

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ISBN: 978-606-591-282-3

DOI: 10.5682/9786065912823

Publisher year: 2011

Edition: I

Pages: 290

Publisher: Universitară

Author:

Petronela-Sonia Nedea
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A certainty of the contemporary world is the fact that geography, which studies the geographical environment and human-environment relations, has become a discipline of contact and interference, both with natural and social sciences, a science of synthesis and information, with a fundamental application role.
Economic geography is a main branch in the system of geographical sciences, which studies the economic potential of the geographical environment, following its differences and particularities at regional and planetary level.
This paper is a synthesis of the major aspects that characterize the demographic and natural resources of the Earth, in the context of the spectacular transformations of the XXI century.

  • Geografie economica mondiala. Note de curs

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Petronela-Sonia Nedea
PETRONELA-SONIA NEDEA
Undergraduate and postgraduate studies:
 1997 - 2001graduates of the Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, Department of Teaching GeographyRegional Geography specialization
 2001 - 2002Master's graduate of the Faculty of Geography, University ofBucharest, specialized "sustainable management of geographic landscapes throughregional organization and planning
 2002 2006doctoral program in the Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest
• 2007, PhD in Geographycum laude distinction
 2010, specialized trainers, Gaudeamus International CenterUCDC
 Since October 2010, the international master program Social Economics in the Faculty of Political Science, UCDC

Teaching and research:
 Ph.D. Lecturer in the Faculty of Tourism Management and Commercial Christian University "Cantemir", Bucharest
 Courses and seminars held for subjects of economic geographyecology and environmental protectiontourism economy, international tourism
 Lectures and guidance in the application works Erasmus
 Participation in a series of scientific sessionsnational and international conferencespublished numerous articles in professional journals in the volumes ofrecognized national and international scientific

FOREWORD / 5

PART I
THE DEMOGRAPHIC RESOURCES OF THE EARTH
/ 11

1.1. Population dynamics / 12
Numerical evolution of the Earth's population / 12
The most populated geographical regions and countries in the world / 15
The natural movement of the population / 19
The migratory movement of the population / 26

1.2. Geographical spread of the population / 33
Area of ​​anthropogenesis / 33
Oicumena / 35
Factors influencing the spread of the population on the Globe / 37
Population spread in latitude and altitude / 38
Population density / 43

1.3. Population structure / 47
Demographic structure of the population / 47
Social structure of the population / 49
Economic structure of the population / 50
1.4. Urbanization on the Globe / 52
The evolution of the urbanization phenomenon / 52
Forms of urban concentration / 53
The most populous metropolitan areas on the globe / 56
Representative megalopolises on the Globe / 57

PART 2
THE ENERGY RESOURCES OF THE EARTH AND THEIR VALORIZATION
/ 69

2.1. Contemporary economic landmarks / 70
2.2. Economic warfare - a feature of the contemporary world / 72
2.3. Coordinates of Romania's energy resources / 74
2.4. Classification of energy resources / 76
2.5. Coal and coal industry / 77
Coal formation / 77
Coal classification / 79
Coal processing (coking) / 80
World coal reserves and their geographical distribution / 82
Geographical distribution and evolution of coal production on Globe / 84
World coal trade / 96
2.6. Oil and natural gas / 98
Oil and natural gas formation / 98
history of exploitation and industrial capitalization of hydrocarbons / 101
World oil and gas reserves and their geographical distribution / 103
Production and geographical distribution of oil mines on Globe / 111
Oil refining industry / 123
World oil trade / 124
Production and geographical distribution of gas exploration on the Globe / 124
2.7. Electricity industry / 135
Brief history of the appearance of power plants on Glob / 135
Types of power plants on the globe / 137
Geographical distribution of world electricity production / 145

PART 3
GLOBAL METALLURGICAL INDUSTRY
/ 165

3.1. Iron ores and steel / 166
Classification of iron ores / 166
World iron ore reserves and their geographical distribution / 168
Geographical distribution of world iron ore production and steel / 169
3.2. Non-ferrous ores / 190
Copper / 191
Aluminum and bauxite / 192
Lead and zinc / 194
The tin (tin) / 195
Gold, silver and platinum / 196
Uranium and thorium / 200

PART 4
TOURIST REGION OF THE LAND
/ 203

I. The coast of the European Mediterranean and the Eastern Atlantic / 205
The northern coast of the European Mediterranean and the Eastern Atlantic / 05
Balkan countries / 208
The North African coast of the Mediterranean / 209
East Atlantic Coast and Canary Islands / 209
II. Central-Nordic Europe / 10
Alpine countries / 211
The countries of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea / 211
Scandinavian countries / 212
Central Eastern European countries without access to the sea / 213
III. North America / 213
Canada / 214
United States of America / 215
Mexico / 217
IV. Central and South America / 218
Central America / 218
Isthmic Central America / 219
Central American Island / 219
South America / 220

CAPITALS OF INDEPENDENT STATES / 222

SELF-ASSESSMENT TESTS / 227

GEOGRAPHICAL SUPERLATIVES OF THE EARTH / 249

ANNEXES - Geographical location of energy resources on large geographical regions and countries / 253

BIBLIOGRAPHY / 283

A certainty of the contemporary world is the fact that geography, which studies the geographical environment and human-environment relations, has become a discipline of contact and interference, both with natural and social sciences, a science of synthesis and information, with a fundamental application role.
Economic geography is a main branch in the system of geographical sciences, which studies the economic potential of the geographical environment, following its differences and particularities at regional and planetary level.
This paper is a synthesis of the major aspects that characterize the demographic and natural resources of the Earth, in the context of the spectacular transformations of the XXI century.

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