Elements of planning

28,90 Lei

ISBN: 978-973-749-691-1

Publisher year: 2009

Edition: II

Pages: 303

Publisher: Universitară

Author: Cristina Alpopi

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Permanent changes taking place at European, World and involved in our country, require new approaches to the relationship between economic theory and practice. Due to the development of the economic environment, social and business characterized by competition, risk and complexity, maintain competitive advantage requires maximum efficiency plans and strategies, to identify ways of obtaining a lasting competitive superiority. A modern country is based on a modern economy which covers all spheres of activity, including management of spatial planning which is a compulsory activity, continuing and future, held in the interest of the, according to the values ​​and aspirations of society and space integration requirements Europe. Spatial management is achieved through spatial and urban planning, which are complex sets of activities of general interest that contribute to balanced spatial development, the protection of natural and built heritage and to improve living conditions in urban and rural. Potential development areas and localities in Romania is evaluated by the existence of basic infrastructure, namely the technical infrastructure and urban transport, the economic relations developed areas or strong expansion immediately. Also, the development potential of localities is given as general trend of population growth in those areas, growth trend but also the areas where they are located. As a result, activity planning and land use has a strong impact on economic development by creating a national organization to lead a balanced space directly to improving living conditions in urban and rural areas and to ensure territorial cohesion at regional level , national and European level. Also, land is an area of ​​the future. In the early '90s, one of the first government structures dealt with the development of space called the National Commission for Urban and Regional Planning, was then set up a specialized ministry, and now there is a direction in the Ministry of Regional Development and Housing. And U.E. and Council of Europe, land is an area of ​​interest. There is also a European spatial policy spoken strongly in recent years and follows the east west connection through various networks (such as European transport corridors) or border regions. By law, business planning takes place all over the country on the principle of hierarchy, cohesion and spatial integration at national, regional, county, town and communal. The main objectives of this highly complex and dynamic activity are considering, among other things, balanced development and rational land use, balanced social and economic development of the country, improved quality of life of people and human communities, not least, responsible management of natural resources and environmental protection. We can say therefore that in the context of EU integration, regional development and planning are increasingly important areas. If regional development is an EU policy with old traditions, in recent years and planning is required as a theme of interest. Spatial and regional development policies in the EU subject of sustained debate, at least three decades, for better harmonization and correlation. Romania, now an EU member, is in a complex, difficult and continuous process of legislative and institutional construction. Currently, spatial planning and regional development best looking way, according to its European future. Recent creation in April 2007, the Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing, now the Ministry of Regional Development and Housing, is a major signal on the common future of the two areas: regional development, spatial planning and urbanism. Issues addressed in this paper integrates college students in preparation of Management, Public Administration specialization, giving them the opportunity of easily achieving interdisciplinary connections, also constitutes a source of information for those who want to study more in detail the organization of various localities and whose operation can influence through a responsible attitude towards the proposals and decisions of local and central public administration.


Introduction / 5

Chapter 1.
Historical development of town planning / 11
1.1. Ancient urbanism / 11
1.2. Pre-modern Urbanism / 19
1.3. City industrial era (nineteenth - twentieth) / 24
1.4. Modern urbanism / 28
1.5. Modern Movement / 38
1.6. Urbanism in the '30s to the present / 39

Chapter 2.
2.1. Urban - Definition, object, purpose / 43
2.2. The territory and its components / 44
2.3. Human Settlements / 45
2.4. City / 48
2.4.1. Classification of cities / 51
2.4.2. Expanding cities / 61
2.4.3. Conurbations / 65
2.4.4. Economic functions - social / 68

Chapter 3.
Spatial planning and urban / 73
3.1. The concept of territorial development / 73
3.2. Spatial and urban planning: definition, purpose and objectives / 73
3.3. Spatial Planning History / 81
3.4. Spatial Planning in European context / 85
3.5. Spatial Planning in National Context / 92
3.6. Urbanism in National Context / 96
3.7. Documentation planning and urban / 97
3.7.1. Documents needed to obtain the opinion MRDH / 108
3.7.2. Development methodology PUG / 109
3.7.3. PUG structure (content frame) / 112
3.8. Documentation during the planning and urban / 116
3.9. Institutional / 118
3.10. Legislative / 121
3.11. Public participation in planning activities and urban / 128
3.12. Management of land and City / 129
3.13. Land management / 130
3.14. Construction management / 131

Chapter 4.
Urban planning / 143
4.1. Urban Density / 143
4.2. Theory of central places / 144
4.3. Spatial development of the city / 147
4.4. Models of urban spatial organization / 152
4.5. Functional zoning of urban space / 154
4.5.1. The central / 155
4.5.2. Industrial Area / 156
4.5.3. Residential area / 158
4.5.4. Area social-cultural endowments / 160
4.5.5. The area of ​​green spaces / 162
4.6. Transport and urban traffic problems / 164
4.6.1. Streets and intersections / 168
4.6.2. Network of streets / 172
4.7. Sanitation / 174
4.8. Thresholds Theory / 179

Chapter 5.
Equipment and technical arrangement - edilitara/181
5.1. Supply apa/182
5.2. Sewerage and wastewater uzate/184
5.3. Power termica/187
5.4. Combustibile/189 gas supply
5.5. Power electrica/191
5.6. Construction strazilor/192
5.7. Surface water drainage / 196

Chapter 6.
Employment land and location constructiilor/201
6.1. How employment terenurilor/201
6.1.1. Agricultural land extravilan/202
6.1.2. Agricultural land intravilan/202
6.1.3. Forest areas / 203
6.1.4. Resources subsolului/203
6.1.5. Resources apa/204
6.1.6. Landscape value areas and natural areas protejate/204
6.1.7. Built-up areas protejate/204
6.2. Construction safety and defense interests public/205
6.2.1. Exposure to risks naturale/205
6.2.2. Exposure to risks tehnologice/206
6.2.3. Construction of generating risk functions tehnologice/206
6.2.4. Ensuring equip edilitare/207
6.2.5. Ensuring compatibility functiunilor/207
6.3. Location constructiilor/212
6.3.1. Orientation to the points cardinale/213
6.3.2. Location in relation to ways of comunicatie/214
6.3.3. Location within parcelei/217
6.4. The technical edilitara/217
6.4.1. Connecting buildings to public utility equipment existente/217 6.4.2. Making networks edilitare/218
6.4.3. Public ownership edilitare/218 networks
6.5. The shape and size of land and constructiilor/218
6.5.1. Parcelarea/218
6.5.2. Height constructiilor/219
6.5.3. Appearance of constructiilor/219
6.6. Location of parking lots, green spaces and imprejmuiri/220
6.6.1. Parcaje/220
6.6.2. Green spaces and plantate/222
6.6.3. Imprejmuiri/223

Chapter 7.
Survey and advertising imobiliara/225
7.1. Survey generalitati/225
7.3. Legislative and institutional/229
7.4. Functions cadastrului/233
7.4.1. Technical function cadastrului/233
7.4.2. Economic function cadastrului/235
7.4.3. Legal function of cadastrului/241

Chapter 8.
Housing urbana/247
8.1. General notions locuirea/247
8.2. Housing requirements of urbane/254
8.3. Housing ecologica/255
8.4. Environmental Valente living in Romania/258
8.4.1. Quality mediului/258

Chapter 9.
Urban and mediu/267
9.1. Planning relationship mediu/267
9.2. Urbanism and its effects on mediului/270
9.3. Environmental effects of urban concentration inconjurator/275

Chapter 10.
The urban plan mondial/281


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