Modern civilization today is facing a great challenge in finding practical methods, the most effective development support through a shift in patterns of use of natural resources to ensure both progress and prosperity on a longer time horizon in other words, a future where people live in communion with nature.
From acute global crisis of resources, the most polluting countries not doing enough in terms of reducing the negative impact on the planet, it requires action at both macro and micro, which responsible to manage the operation all areas of economic and social life.
Customizing the tourism issue as part of the global economy and there is need for sustainable development in connection with general trends and the fact that tourism, the environment is the prerequisite for the existence and development. If the tourist reception facilities do not take urgent measures to mitigate the negative impact on the environment, biodiversity and local communities where they operate, their life cycle will be very short, significant damage and irreversible damage.
Today, tourism is a major phenomenon worldwide, characterized by a strong dynamism. The size and content, tourism involves many natural resources, human and material, with profound implications on the dynamics of modern economy and society. Becoming an important sector of national economies and hence the world economy, tourism acquires major facets important contributions to the creation of GDP, the growth of exports, employment, and to a better regional and global networking.
Ago with more than three decades have occurred worldwide, radical changes in the management of tourism in general and in the hotel, in particular, generated major changes in demand. New classification was introduced, new ways of organizing work, have developed new standards and management systems and environmental quality, in other words, they set up a new "industry" of tourism that has expanded and internationalized .
A sustainable responsible management of all components of tourism and hospitality industry including hotel as part of their growing strongly required at present, due to the fact that tourists from around the world have increasing expectations regarding the level of comfort and quality Service, expectations that involve not only as tourist offer, that service providers are able to keep up with demand and also to innovate, to anticipate consumer trends of tourists, but products and actions that respect the environment.
In this context, phenomena such as globalization and regional development, tech, sustainable development will require reasonable accommodation and tourism activities in the structure, particularly the hotel industry. As a result of innovation in conjunction with the need to reduce consumption of resources required to implement environmental management methods and quality tourism, crucial step to align with global trends, the requirements of sustainable development and increase the attractiveness and competitiveness of tourist destinations. Supporting the competitiveness of tourist destinations is inconceivable without the development of equipment and facilities in accordance with the requirements of environmental protection.
Acknowledging the place and role as part of the hotel industry of tourism, this paper aims to address the issue of responsible management and sustainable tourism development in this area.
From highlighting current issues relating to sustainable development, the paper stresses the need and opportunity to implement new methods of environmental management in the hospitality business and international experience highlights the use of such systems. All activities from the hotel location and facilities to the tourist attitude towards the environment, can and must be conducted in a sustainable future through proper management. Location of hotel unit has different effects on the environment, lower neighborhood access roads or major conurbations, larger and very large green areas in protected areas. The attitude towards the environment, although extremely difficult to quantify, is negative and sharp enough in the long run. There are concerns and even to mitigate negative impacts, such as educating and involving local communities in environmentally responsible actions, measuring and reducing various forms of pollution (waste management, water and energy consumption reduction, etc.).. Under these conditions, implementing a management system for eco-hotel units at each hotel would feature print industry sustainability, environmental responsibility.
And in Romania there are concerns for the purposes of implementing eco-management systems, but these are only first steps. The fact that only three units at the national profile, respectively Crowne Plaza Hotel Bucharest, Hotel Vega in Mamaia seaside resort and hotel in town with the same name Saturn from the Black Sea, used in their work with high technology supports reduced pollution appreciation on the slow pace of change in attitude towards the environment.
In this context, this paper Eco-hotel management - a prerequisite for performance in the hospitality industry analyzes the problems of implementing eco-management in the hospitality business worldwide, but also in our country from the impact assessment activities in the plan economic, socio-cultural environment, on local communities and the tourist.
In the decoding stage and the implementation of eco-management advantages in international hotel structures are considered sustainable policies adopted by major global hotel groups and certification bodies and ecological systems involved and applied the hotel industry. To demonstrate sustainable development Early Romanian hotel industry in addition to a research office in terms of analysis of the main units of equipment and hotel accommodation in Romania certified organic and has organized and conducted field research.
The research was conducted in three segments, analyzing the main coordinates of hospitality industry in Romania, the implementation stage of eco-management and sustainable development practices in Romanian hospitality and hotel business awareness of the need and benefits managers promote a responsible attitude towards the environment.
As part of tourism and hotel industry affects the environment. If it does not limit the impacts of activities deemed critical hospitality can be accepted and even reduced by proper management, responsible. Acceptance is determined on the one hand, the benefits to the local community and on the other hand, the fact that negative impact is more limited in size compared to other gainful economic activity for the local population, possibly developed in the that.
Consequently, demonstrate the need for implementation of eco-hotel management systems and recognition by providing new opportunities opening on the certification of products and services, ecological hotel, inevitably leads to an increased interest in performance management application with a minimum environmental impact of hotel business, with quality services and improve well-being of local communities.